Puede usar las teclas derecha/izquierda para votar el artículo.Votación:1 estrella2 estrellas3 estrellas4 estrellas5 estrellas (9 votos, promedio: 5.00 sobre 5)


Past perfect of the indicative: how is it made and how is it used?

It’s said about past perfect of the indicative it’s the tense we use to talk in past about the past, what it may seems far-fetched, but however, it’s very graphic: with the past tense, we tell what has already happened and it’s subordinated to another fact or action also in the past: ‘habían ido al teatro porque su hija actuaba en una comedia’ (they had gone to the theatre because their daughter acted in a comic theatre play). In this post, we explain how it is formed and how it is used:

Listen MP3:

How is the past perfect of the indicative made?

It’s made with imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb ‘haber’ + participle of the verb that describes action of which we’re talking. That’s how we express an earlier and finished fact regarding another fact also in the past:

Subject + imperfect tense of the verb to haber + participle (in -ado if it is of the first conjugation and in -ido if it is of the second or third).

Yo                             había           hablado (comido, dormido…)

Tú                              habías        hablado  (comido, dormido…)

Él/ella/ usted         había            hablado  (comido, dormido…)

Nosotros/ -as         habíamos    hablado  (comido, dormido…)

Vosotros/-as          habíais          hablado  (comido, dormido…)

Ellos / -as                habían          hablado  (comido, dormido…)


How is the past perfect of the indicative used?

If you have a clear idea that this verbal tense is used to talk about two past actions related to each other but independent because they occur at different times, the best way to learn to use it is always to practice on examples. There are some here:

Example: Estaba enfadado porque había perdido  la cartera. (I was angry because I had lost my wallet.)

First past event: había perdido la cartera.
Second past event: estaba enfadado.

Example: Le había regalado un coche aunque pidió una bicicleta. (He had given him a car, even though he ordered a bicycle.)

First past event: Le había regalado un coche.
Second past event: aunque pidió una bicicleta.

Example: Cuando llegó, ya se había acabado todo. (When he arrived, everything was over.)

First past event: ya se había acabado todo.
Second past event: cuando llegó.

Practica Español

Noticias relacionadas