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Culture

POSTERS BY TOULOUSE-LAUTREC IN MADRID

Few names embody Paris at the end of the 19th century and Parisian bohemianism like Toulouse-Lautrec. That district of Montmartre, with its cafés, cabarets and artists, was the faithful reflection of the boiling, transforming world, with lights and shadows, which attracted the genius of Albi and who was his best chronicler.

The Belle Époque, between 1871 and the outbreak of the First World War (1914), was a golden period of economic prosperity and social welfare with Paris at the head of the profound change that the industrial revolution is printing in European capitals.

These changes also affected art and literature and came accompanied by a new mentality, more open and hedonistic.

Of all this, the exhibition “Toulouse-Lautrec and the pleasures of the Belle Époque“, in four sections: “The pleasures of the night. The cabaret; “The pleasures of the scenarios”; “Literary and artistic pleasures” and “Modern pleasures. The consumption “. The Canal de Madrid Foundation shows, for the first time in Spain, one of the only two complete collections that there are in the world of posters created by Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) from Musée de Ixelles in Brussels.

Paris was an artistic hotbed, the capital of the world and there Toulouse-Lautrec found his life and his world, the atmosphere and the characters that inspired him, and that he portrayed having fun, resting, in solitude, or occupied in any eagerness.

Toulouse Lautrec came from an old noble family, had intellectual training and, however, preferred the Parisian underworld and the decadent environment that attracted him so much.

He was a regular customer of the most famous cabarets in Paris, the Moulin Rouge, Le Chat Noir or Le Mirliton, whose owner Aristide Bruant, and famous singer, immortalized a year after making his first poster, La Goulue (1881), famous dancer together with her dance partner, or the many she made for her great friend, dancer Jane Avril.

In one of the numerous letters that remain of the painter, which have been the richest source for the interpretation of his work, he expresses that he was “discovered” not by a critic, nor by a gallerist, but by an actor, his friend, Aristide Bruant.

Bruant trusted him to commission the promotional poster for his presentation at the elegant cabaret Les Ambassadeurs, on the Champs-Elysees and that impressive and courageous portrait with a wide-brimmed hat and red scarf, marked, together with that of La Goulue, the beginning of the modern poster.

When Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec died at age 36 in 1901 after a professional life that did not reach two decades, he had left over 1,000 paintings and watercolors, some 5,000 drawings and about 370 lithographs and engravings. (February 16, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

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Question 1
En el texto se dice que…
A
hay una exposición sobre la obra de un artista francés en la capital de España.
B
una exposición sobre Lautrec en Madrid está teniendo mucho éxito.
C
muy pronto se exhibirán las obras de un artista francés en Madrid.
Question 2
En la noticia se dice que Lautrec…
A
plasmó en sus obras muy bien el París de principios del siglo diecinueve.
B
mostró en su obra cómo era el París de finales del siglo diecinueve.
C
no llegó a plasmar cómo era la bohemia de París del siglo diecinueve.
Question 3
La ‘Belle époque’ fue es un periodo ‘dorado’…
A
porque fue una época buena y próspera.
B
solo porque todos los artistas utilizaban el color dorado.
C
porque empezó cuando terminó una guerra en Europa.
Question 4
La familia de Lautrec era de clase obrera.
A
Nadie lo sabe.
B
Así es.
C
En absoluto.
Question 5
Según el texto, los cambios que vinieron con la revolución industrial…
A
no influyeron para nada en las artes.
B
influyeron en los artistas.
C
a penas influyeron en la forma de vida de la gente.
Question 6
Según el texto, Lautrec…
A
siempre frecuentó los lugares más distinguidos de París.
B
frecuentaba los lugares donde estaban las personas más finas y recatadas de París.
C
solía frecuentar los lugares menos distinguidos de París.
Question 7
En el texto se dice que este artista…
A
llegó a hacer miles de dibujos a lo largo de su carrera.
B
solo llegó a hacer unos pocos cientos de dibujos.
C
hizo más de diez mil dibujos.
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