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Verbs

Subjunctive and indicative (B1)

We have revised uses of the subjunctive mood in the following articles:

Subjunctive: probability and two moments in the time(B1)”

Subjunctive: to express desires, to encourage…

Subjunctive: to express an opinion, surprise and to argue”

 Subjunctive tenses and its forms”

Now, you need to know more:

 √  Many times, we can use same structure in indicative and subjunctive.

For example, we use indicative mood to identify something or someone (el alumno que aprende español) and subjunctive mood not to identify it (el alumno que aprenda español).

The same happens if we want to say something (creo que tiene frío), or, on the contrary, to question it (no creo que tenga frío).

Finally, we can use subjunctive to ask or to order (dice que vayas ahora mismo), while indicative mood only use that construction to declare an information (dice que viene ahora mismo).

 

Nekane Celayeta/ Spanish teacher for foreigners/ University of Navarre/Visiting Researcher in Georgetown University, special for PracticaEspañol 

 
(Text translated by Sandra Municio)

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