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Syntax

The direct speech and the reported speech

The direct speech (estilo directo) and reported speech (estilo indirecto) are the two different ways to transmit what someone else has said:

With  direct speech (direct style):

We reproduce the message as we have heard it, in quotes and after a colon.

Example:

El presidente afirmó: “Todas las personas tienen derecho a una vivienda”

 (The president said: “Everyone has the right to home)

El entrenador dijo: “No sabemos qué nos pasa, ni por qué perdemos todos los partidos”

(The coach said: “We know not happens to us, or why we lose every match”)

With reported speech (indirect style):

We reproduce the message with our words, whitouth inverted commas, but using “que” (conjuction) after the verb:

Example:

El presidente afirmó que todas las personas tienen derecho a una vivienda. 

The president said that everyone has the right home

The change from direct to reported speech, sometimes, required other changes in verb tenses, pronouns and other…

Example:

Direct speech:

El entrenador dijo: “No sabemos que nos pasa, ni por qué perdemos todos los partidos”

(The coach said: “We know not happens to us, or why we lose every match”)

Reported speech:

El entrenador dijo que no sabían qué les pasaba, ni por qué perdían todos los partidos

(The coach said he did not know what happened to them or why they lost every game)

A. Carlos/PracticaEspañol

 

 

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