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Morphology

The noun in Spanish: everything you need to know

The names of the people, things, situations, places… etc make up much of the Spanish vocabulary that you must learn.

Why? → Because names turns the rest of the information of the phrases you need form to communicate.

Do not forget that:

Noun must agree in gender and number with articles,  determinants, adjectives or verbs.

We say:

“El barco es grande”.

 “Los cuadros de Goya son muy conocidos”.

 “Esa niña tiene una bicicleta azul”.

√ Nouns can be grouped by classes: proper and common, countable noun and uncountable, concrete and abstract…

Proper noun → refer to name of people, geographical locations (countries, planets…) or institutions.

                           → are always written in uppercase.

We say:

 “Miguel de Cervantes escribió obras de teatro”. (person name)

 El río Duero está en España”. (geographic name)

 “El periódico publicó una noticia de la Agencia EFE”. (Enterprise name)

Common names:  are always written in lower case.

We say:

 “read news to learn Spanish”.

Countable noun:

  What are?  → They are nouns that support a numeral in front of him. 

 We say:

 “Tengo cuatro libros de gramática española”.

 “Muchas personas se manifestaron pacíficamente”.

Uncountable noun

   → They do not support numerals.

  → Are expressed in the singular.

 → are usually accompanied by “long”, “little”, “something of…”, etc.

We say:

“No tengo hambre”.

 “Esta comida necesita un poco de sal”.

 Concrete noun

 What are? →  They are names designating something physical and material.

We say:

 “Mi ordenador es muy viejo”.

 “El niño juega con sus amigos”.

 -Abstract noun: 

 What are? → They are names designating something that can not be perceived with the senses, because are immaterial.

We say:

“Valoro mucho nuestra amistad”.

 “Se manifestaron a favor de la libertad”.

 –Individuals noun

 →  Designating an only object.

 We say:

“Tengo un gato en mi casa”.

 –Collective noun

 → Designating a whole or group.

 We say:

“El granjero tiene una piara”.  (group of pig)

 El ejército ganó la batalla”.   (whole of military forces)

A. Carlos, para Practica Español

 

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