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Nature

2016 on track to becoming hottest year in history

The year 2016 is on its way to becoming the hottest since weather records began, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) warned Friday, for extremely high temperatures.

The unusually high concentration of carbon dioxide, combined with the breaking of temperature records along with a prolonged period of extraordinary heat suggested that this was becoming the new norm, according to Secretary General of the WMO Petteri Taalas.

This, along with the warming up of the oceans, caused an acceleration of coral bleaching, Taalas added.

The exceptionally long season of global warming continued in August pointing out that the month was the hottest since records began, both on land and in the oceans., spokesperson Claire Nullis said of data supplied by NASA and the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF).

According to the latest figures, the Arctic sea ice surface area reached its minimum extent _ 4.14 million square kilometers (1.6 million square miles) _ over summer on Sept. 10, its second most reduced in 37 years, when satellite records began.

The smallest ice surface data ever recorded was on Sept. 17, 2012, when it reduced to 3.39 million kilometers squared (1.31 million square miles).

According to the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and its National Centers for Environmental Information, April 2016 saw a combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces of 1.1ºC (1.98ºF) above the 20th century average of 13.7ºC (56.7ºF).

GENEVA, 16 APRIL 2016, efe / SPANISH PRACTICE

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