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World

7.5 percent of the world’s population speaks Spanish

Madrid / More than 585 million people (7.5 percent of the world’s population) speak Spanish, five million more than a year ago, data that confirms its upward evolution in the last decade, in which speakers have grown more 30 percent and 60 percent more study than in 2010.

The Yearbook of Spanish in the World 2020 published annually by the Instituto Cervantes, directed by Luis García Montero, was presented in Madrid in a public event that had the participation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Arancha González Laya. The Yearbook is dedicated in this edition to the relationship between language and identity.

The minister stressed that the Spanish language “is in excellent health” and has a great expansion: “Our language is one of our greatest assets” and, therefore, we must ensure that it is one of the relevant sectors in the post-recovery plan. Covid, he said.

Europe, Brazil and the United States

At the event, the author of the report David Fernández Vítores explained that of the total number of people who speak Spanish, almost 489 million are native Spanish-speakers, that is, as their mother tongue, (six million more than in 2019), and more than 22 million study it as a foreign language.

Of this total number of students in the world, the European Union, Brazil and the United States account for 90 percent of the total.

Furthermore, Spanish is the second mother tongue by number of speakers after Mandarin Chinese, and the third language in a global count of users after English and Mandarin Chinese.

7.9 percent of Internet users communicate in Spanish

Regarding its use on the Internet, it is the third most used: 7.9% of users communicate in Spanish. It is the second language, behind English, in the publication of scientific texts.

In the last decade, students who choose Spanish as a foreign language has increased by almost 60 percent and currently a total of 22,329,275 people study it.

Female and over 30 years old

Regarding language tourism, they highlight that last year more than 907,000 foreigners traveled to Spain to study it. The predominant profile is that of a woman, over 30 years old, interested in culture.

Fernández Vítores explained how the role of Spanish has been reinforced to the detriment of more established languages ​​such as French and German and how an increase in the number of Spanish speakers is expected in the coming decades.

However, in the second half of the century, its relative weight will begin to decrease progressively and in the year 2100 the world population that will be able to communicate in Spanish will stand at 6.3%.

Spanish is also the second most important language in the international arena, it is the third most used language in the United Nations and the fourth in the European Union, where leaving the United Kingdom has benefited the relative weight of the language .

However, the increase in the use of English in the various international organizations reduces the role of Spanish and the other official languages.

Spanish in the United States

The report also addresses the situation of Spanish in the United States, where more than 62 million Americans (18.7% of the total population) are of Hispanic origin. Of these, 71% use Spanish in the family environment and 94% identify as Hispanic, the ethnic minority that will be most represented in the next presidential elections.

Spanish is also the most studied language at all levels of American education.

In 2060, the United States will be the second Spanish-speaking country in the world, after Mexico, and 27.5% of the US population will be of Hispanic origin.

The Spanish-speaking community will continue to grow at a very good rate in five decades, until 2068, when it will begin a downward path due to the slowdown in population growth in Spanish-speaking countries.

Regarding the economic weight of Spanish, the report reflects how the world’s speakers of this language have a joint purchasing power of around 9% of world GDP.

In the sum of countries where Spanish is the official language, almost 7% of world GDP is generated, while Spanish is the second most relevant language in the language tourism sector. (October 22, 2020, EFE / Practicaespañol)

(Automatic translation)

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Question 1
La noticia habla...
A
del origen del idioma español.
B
de las principales dificultades del aprendizaje del idioma español.
C
de la expansión del idioma español en el mundo.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...
A
el número de hispanohablantes en todo el mundo ha aumentado solo un 3%.
B
cada vez hay más personas que hablan español en el mundo.
C
de momento no ha aumentado el número de hispanohablantes en todo el mundo.
Question 3
Según el texto...
A
en estos momentos el español es la primera lengua materna más hablada por número de habitantes.
B
más de 20 millones de personas estudian el español como lengua extranjera.
C
más del 50% de todos los usuarios de internet utilizan el español para comunicarse.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que...
A
apenas hay estudiantes que estén aprendiendo el idioma español en Brasil y en EE.UU.
B
la gran mayoría de las mujeres de 30 años no están muy interesadas en aprender el español como segunda lengua.
C
se espera que siga aumentando el número de hispanohablantes en los próximos años.
Question 5
Tras leer el texto entendemos que en Estados Unidos...
A
está descendiendo el número de hispanos.
B
más del 70% de los hispanos hablan el español cuando están con la familia.
C
el idioma español es la tercera lengua extranjera que más se está enseñando.
Question 6
Según el vídeo...
A
no está muy claro si el español es un valor al alza en EE.UU.
B
en EE.UU. hay poco más de 20 millones de personas que hablan español.
C
hablar inglés y español es una ventaja en EE.UU.
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Question 1
La escritura correcta de "22.329.275" es...
A
"veintidós mil trescientos veintinueve y doscientos setenta y cinco".
B
"veintidós millones y trescientos y veintinueve mil y doscientos setenta y cinco".
C
"veintidós millones trescientos veintinueve mil doscientos setenta y cinco".
Question 2
La escritura correcta de "907.000" es...
A
"novecientos siete mil".
B
"nueve millones y siete".
C
"noventa mil setecientos".
Question 3
La escritura correcta de "585.000.000" es...
A
"quinientos millones ochocientos cincuenta mil".
B
"quinientos ochenta y cinco millones".
C
"quinientos mil ochenta y cinco".
Question 4
"94%" se lee...
A
"noventa y cuatro para cien".
B
"noventa y cuatro por ciento".
C
"noventa y cuantro para cientos".
Question 5
"30%" se lee...
A
"treinta por ciento".
B
"treinta para cien".
C
"treinta para ciento".
Question 6
El artículo determinado para "idioma" es...
A
lo
B
la
C
el
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