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Culture

A JOURNEY THROUGH THE HISTORY OF THE LOUVRE IN TEHRAN

Tehran / A selection of important works from Louvre, corresponding to different eras and civilizations, are exhibited for the first time in Tehran to tell the history of the French museum’s collections to the Iranian public.

The long-awaited exhibition “The Louvre Museum in Tehran – Treasures of the French National Collections”, is opened to the public until June 8 at the National Museum of Iran, consists of 56 pieces.

It is the first major exhibition organized by a large Western museum in Iran, a country that for years had no artistic exchanges with the foreigner due to its isolation by international sanctions, which ended with the signing of the nuclear agreement in 2015.

The result of this opening, in the center of one of the halls of the National Museum, a building located in the heart of Tehran and designed by the French architect André Godard, stands out an Egyptian sphinx from the 4th century BC.

A statue of Minerva from the 2nd century B.C. and a marble bust of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, from 170 B.C., are the main works of Roman art in the exhibition.

The exhibition also includes Assyrian reliefs from the 8th and 7th centuries BC. and European religious works as a figure of the Virgin with the child and an Annunciation by the Italian painter Giovanni Batista Salvi, known as Sassoferrato, in the seventeenth century.

“Our goal is to exhibit a small Louvre in Tehran,” Yebrael Nokandeh, director of the National Museum of Iran, told EFE during a visit to the press prior to the official opening of the exhibition, which was attended by the French foreign minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, visiting the country.

Nokandeh explained the exhibited works come from eight different sectors of the Louvre and are sufficiently representative of each civilization and time to show the history of the museum’s collections.

“This exhibition brings knowledge to society about other cultures,” said the Iranian official, citing Egyptian and Greco-Roman civilizations to European art.

In this regard, the director of the Louvre, Jean-Luc Martinez, said at a press conference they want to present “the diversity of the museum’s collections”, from its creation in 1793 to its most contemporary acquisitions.

Martinez agreed with Nokandeh that they decided not to bring Iranian works from the Louvre – exhibited in two departments, the Eastern Antiquities and the Islamic Art – because the idea was to “show other cultures”.

Therefore, according to the French responsible, they considered it relevant to expose in Tehran also the royal collections of the Louvre, which are the origin of the museum, and works of European authors.

Experts from both museums, who have traveled several times to Paris and Tehran, respectively, also chose to select pieces made with different techniques, from sculpture to painting and ceramics.

“It is an opportunity for the Louvre to present itself before the Iranian public,” said Martínez, who recalled the cultural collaboration that has existed since the 19th century between Iran and France, with the presence of archaeological missions in the Persian archaeological sites.

This exhibition takes place within the framework of the agreement signed between the Louvre Museum and the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran during the visit to France of the Iranian President, Hasan Rohaní, in January 2016.

Thanks to this collaboration, the Louvre Museum will open on March 27, at its headquarters in Lens, an exhibition on the art of the Qayar Persian dynasty of the nineteenth century, entitled “The Empire of the Roses”. (March 26, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Question 1
En el texto se dice que…
A
es posible que algunas piezas del Louvre parisino se exhiban en Teherán.
B
hay una exposición de arte en la capital de Irak.
C
varias piezas del Louvre de París son exhibidas en un museo de Irán.
Question 2
Según el texto…
A
desde siempre los museos occidentales han organizado exposiciones en Teherán.
B
esta es la primera vez que una gran exposición es organizada por museo occidental en Irán.
C
aún ninguna exposición ha sido organizada por ningún museo occidental en Teherán.
Question 3
Antes de que se firmara ese acuerdo nuclear…
A
los museos de todo el mundo ya prestaban algunas de sus piezas para que fueran expuestas en Irán.
B
ninguna obra de arte fue prestada para que se exhibiera en Teherán.
C
un museo occidental organizaba una gran exposición cada año en Teherán.
Question 4
Esta exposición se podrá ver…
A
hasta el año que viene.
B
hasta principios del mes de junio.
C
hasta finales del mes de junio.
Question 5
Con esta exposición…
A
se quiere mostrar las piezas de diversas culturas que se exhiben en el Louvre de París.
B
no se tiene la intención de mostrar la variedad de piezas que son exhibidas en el Louvre parisino.
C
se quiere mostrar las piezas grecorromanas más emblemáticas que están en el Louvre de París.
Question 6
En el texto se dice que…
A
asimismo consideraron importante exhibir las colecciones reales del Louvre.
B
consideró relevante exhibirse a sí mismo en las colecciones reales del Louvre.
C
se descartó la posibilidad de exhibir piezas de la colecciones reales del Louvre.
Question 7
Según el texto, la esfinge que se exhibe data…
A
del siglo cuarto antes de Cristo.
B
del siglo quinto antes de Cristo.
C
del siglo tercero antes de Cristo.
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