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World

A NOBEL PRIZE FOR PEACE AGAINST NUCLEAR WEAPONS

The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) has today been honored with the Nobel Prize for Peace 2017.

ICAN is a coalition of non-governmental organizations in some 100 countries that urges States to begin negotiations for the phase-out of existing nuclear weapons in the world and to date has succeeded in having 108 states sign a “humanitarian commitment” in this sense.

The organization is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons in the world and for its innovative efforts to achieve a treaty-based ban on such weapons, reports the founding Nobel on their website.

The note issued by the Norwegian Nobel Committee explains that ICAN has been the main actor of civil society in the pursuit of a ban on nuclear weapons under international law.

It recalls that on 7 July 2017, 122 Member States of the UN adhered to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and that as soon as the treaty had been ratified by 50 States, the nuclear arms ban would enter into force and shall be binding under international law for all countries party to the treaty.

With this year’s award, the Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to pay tribute to ICAN for furthering efforts to achieve this goal.

The Nobel Prize for Peace is awarded to persons or institutions distinguished by these three things: promoting brotherhood among nations, advancing disarmament and arms control, and holding and promoting peace conferences.

The Nobel committee has chosen ICAN among more than 300 nominations.

ICAN succeeds in winning prizes to the Colombian president, Juan Manuel Santos.

The Nobel Peace Prize is the only one of the six Nobel Prizes awarded annually that is delivered outside of Sweden, by express will of Alfred Nobel. (October 6, 2017, EFE/Practica Español)

Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions).

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Question 1
En la noticia se dice que...
A
se ha anunciado al ganador del Premio Nobel de la Paz de este año.
B
la fundación de los Premios Nobel ha dado a conocer a los nominados al Premio Nobel de la Paz.
C
el Premio Nobel de la Paz ha sido recogido por el ganador de este año.
Question 2
ICAN es...
A
una ONG que apoya la proliferación de armas nucleares en todos los países del mundo.
B
una institución gubernamental que trabaja para que los países dejen de fabricar armas nucleares.
C
una coalición de varias ONG que trabaja para que los países no tengan armas nucleares.
Question 3
Según el texto, ICAN...
A
ha conseguido que más de un centenar de países se hayan sumado a un tratado acerca de la prohibición de armas nucleares.
B
ha logrado que todos los países firmantes de un tratado prohíban las armas nucleares.
C
continúa trabajando para que más de un centenar de países se sumen a un tratado sobre la prohibición de armas nucleares.
Question 4
En la noticia se dice que...
A
el presidente de Colombia todavía no ha sido galardonado con este premio.
B
el presidente Juan Manuel Santos estuvo a punto de ser galardonado con este premio.
C
el actual presidente de Colombia fue galardonado el año pasado con este premio.
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