London / Some of the people whose burned remains are buried in the Neolithic monument of Stonehenge, located in the south of England, originally came from West Wales, indicates a new scientific study published by “Scientific Reports“.
The research, conducted by the University of Oxford in collaboration with other British and European centers, shows that at least ten of the 25 people whose skull was analyzed did not live in Stonehenge or its vicinity before their deaths.
The team led by Christophe Snoeck used radiocarbon dating along with a new technique based on the analysis of the composition of strontium isotopes to determine the origin of buried humans.
Experts conclude that at least some of these people came from the west of the island of Great Britain – West Wales – the same place where the stones that were used at the beginning of the construction of the famous monument of the year 3100 BC.
Other earlier studies had established that these stones came from the Welsh Preseli Hills, and even suggested that the funerary monument could be erected there and later its stones were dragged about 200 kilometres to its current location in the county of Wiltshire, by movements of the population.
It’s considered that either the people who moved them died and ended up buried in Stonehenge or some of the burned mortal remains could be transported already from the west of Wales, where they would have been buried at first.
The new analysis with more advanced techniques published corroborates that the origin of many of these people was the western region of Great Britain, which further confirms that during the late Neolithic there were migrations from that area to the former region of Wessex, now Wiltshire.
“The recent discovery that some biological information survives the high temperatures reached during cremation (up to 1,000 degrees Celsius) offers us the exciting opportunity to finally study the origin of those buried at Stonehenge,” said Snoeck.
Another author of the study, Rick Schulting, said that “what is really remarkable about this study is that innovations in the archaeological sciences have allowed to extract so much new information from some unpromising fragments of burned bone.”
The scientists point out that the new technique for the analysis of strontium isotopes, whose traces seem to be sealed by heat, will allow to re-analyze remains excavated from different archaeological collections. (August 4, 2018, EFE/PracticaEspañol)
News related (December 2017):
Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)
los estudios anteriores al descubrimiento que muestra que algunas de las personas enterradas en Stonehenge procedían de Gales.
el descubrimiento que muestra que algunas de las personas enterradas en Stonehenge procedían de Gales.
las innovaciones que han permitido descubrir que algunas de las personas enterradas en Stonehenge procedían de Gales.
no permitirá realizar ningún análisis más en restos arqueológicos.
permitirá analizar restos arqueológicos que no habían sido excavados.
permitirá analizar restos arqueológicos que ya habían sido excavados.
dar la bienvenida al invierno y ver anochecer.
dar la bienvenida al invierno y ver el amanecer.
dar la bienvenida al invierno y ver el atardecer.
más de 1.000 personas.
más de 2.000 personas.
más de 1.000.000 de personas.
Review grammar notes: relative clauses