About 2.2 billion people are overweight or obese in the world and may suffer health problems related to that condition, according to a study published in the journal The New England Journal of Medicine.
The research, conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Assessment (IHME) in the University of Washington in Seattle (United States) and presented at the EAT Food Forum in Stockholm, focused on the study of 195 countries and territories between 1980 and 2015.
More than 2,300 employees in 133 countries were based on data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), an international collaboration that systematically assesses health and risk factors in 188 countries.
According to this data, 2.2 billion people in 2015 in the world were affected by overweight, which represents 30% of the population.
Of this amount, 108 million children and 600 million adults had a body mass index in the threshold for obesity, which exceeded 30.
According to the definition of the study, a body mass index (BMI), which associates weight with height of the individual, exceeds 30 is equivalent to obesity, while between 25 and 30 corresponds to overweight.
Since 1980, obesity has doubled in more than 70 countries and has grown steadily in most, and in the case of children, the rate of obesity in many places in the world exceeded that of adults.
The United States was, with almost 13% of its inhabitants, the country with the highest level of obesity among the 20 most populated.
Egypt had the highest percentage of obese adults, with 35% of its population; followed by the United States, with 79.4 million people; and China, with 57.3 million.
On the other hand, 15.3 million Chinese children and 14.4 million children in India were the youngest who suffered most from this chronic disease.
On the other side of the spectrum, Bangladesh and Vietnam were found, with 1% of obesity among its inhabitants.
“Overweight is one of the most difficult public health problems of our time, affecting nearly one in three people in the world,” said Ashkan Afshin, one of the study’s authors and a professor at the University of Washington.
Experts warned that this increase in weight worldwide in children and adults causes health problems and diseases that have led to an increase in the number of deaths related to overweight and obesity in recent years.
40% of the deaths in 2015 related to excess body weight were people who, with their body mass index, were overweight but did not become obese.
“Those who gain weight do so at their own risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and other life-threatening conditions,” said Christopher Murray, another study author and professor at the University of Washington.
“New Year’s resolutions to lose weight,” added Murray, “must become commitments throughout the year to lose weight and avoid the increase in the future.”
Washington, June 13, 2017, EFE/Practica Español
Ejercicio de comprensión B.2 (Comprehension B.2)
Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions)
de un estudio relacionado con la salud.
de un informe sobre las enfermedades más comunes.
de unos consejos para comer saludablemente.
la mitad de la población mundial tiene problemas de obesidad.
más de un billón de personas tiene sobrepeso u obesidad.
pocas personas son obesas.
se está reduciendo cada vez más los casos de obesidad en el mundo.
no se ha incrementado los casos de obesidad en el mundo.
está aumentado la obesidad en el mundo.
Estados Unidos es el país donde hay más personas obesas.
Estados Unidos es uno de los países en los que apenas hay personas obesas.
Estados Unidos dejó de ser el país donde más casos de obesidad se registran.
No se sabe.
No se sabe.
pueden causar diversos problemas de salud.
son irrelevantes para la salud de las personas.
no suponen un peligro para la salud de la persona.