¿Por qué la de Alabama es la primera ley antiaborto de los Estados Unidos?
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Alabama governor signs anti-abortion bill into law

Washington DC / The governor of the state of Alabama, Republican Kay Ivey, on Wednesday approved a bill that severely restricts abortions in the southern state.

The bill challenges a 1973 Supreme Court ruling that legalized abortions across the country.

“Today, I signed into law the Alabama Human Life Protection Act, a bill that was approved by overwhelming majorities in both chambers of the Legislature,” Ivey said in a statement.

The Alabama legislature on Tuesday passed the bill, which only allows abortions if the mother’s health is seriously at risk.

The Democrats introduced an amendment to allow abortion in cases of rape and incest during the debate, but it was rejected by 21 votes to 11.

The bill will not take effect as it contradicts the 1973 Supreme Court ruling known as “Roe v. Wade,” which legalized abortion throughout the United States.

The proposal’s aim is to trigger a legal battle to bring the case to the Supreme Court so that its justices can reconsider the 1973 ruling. The court is currently made up of a majority of conservative-leaning justices after president Donald Trump appointed Brett Kavanaugh last year.

“We can all recognize that, at least for the short term, this bill may similarly be unenforceable,” the governor said in the statement.

“As citizens of this great country, we must always respect the authority of the US Supreme Court, even when we disagree with their decisions,” Ivey added, referring to the “Roe v. Wade” ruling.

“The sponsors of this bill believe that it is time, once again, for the US Supreme Court to revisit this important matter, and they believe this act may bring about the best opportunity for this to occur,” the governor concluded.

In the US, abortion has been legal since “Roe v. Wade” deemed any state interference in a woman’s pregnancy decision unconstitutional.

President Donald Trump’s arrival in the White House and the appointments of conservative justices Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court have renewed hopes for those who want the ruling overturned.

In the meantime, the Republican Party has tried to circumvent that ruling by passing rules that hinder access to abortion on grounds of religious rights and women’s health issues.

Trump has also withdrawn public funding from family planning clinics that offer abortions, a measure targeted primarily at Planned Parenthood, the largest such organization in the country. (May 17, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (April 2019):


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Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla de... (Mainly in the text, it's talked about...)
A
las personas que impulsaron la legalidad del aborto en EE.UU.
B
la aprobación de una ley en el estado de Alabama.
C
un fallo del Tribunal Supremo de EE.UU.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
la ley que prohíbe el aborto ya ha sido firmada por la gobernadora del estado de Alabama.
B
es posible que una ley que prohíbe el aborto sea aprobada en Alabama.
C
no es necesario que la gobernadora de Alabama tenga que rubricar la ley que prohíbe el aborto.
Question 3
Según el texto... (According to the text...)
A
una mujer no podrá abortar en Alabama aunque su salud esté en peligro.
B
esa ley va en contra de lo que falló el Tribunal Supremo de EE.UU. hace unas décadas.
C
el Tribunal Supremo de EE.UU. considera que es un delito que una mujer aborte.
Question 4
Nadie entrará en prisión por haber practicado un aborto en Alabama. (No one will go to jail for having performed an abortion in Alabama.)
A
No se sabe.
B
En absoluto.
C
Así es.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
EE.UU. logró eliminar una resolución de la ONU sobre violencia sexual.
B
EE.UU. vetó una resolución de la ONU relacionada con la violencia sexual.
C
se desmiente que Rusia y China se hayan abstenido en esa votación.
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