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Culture

ANDY WARHOL, 30 YEARS AFTER

The world of art remembers eccentric Andy Warhol, creator of some of the most iconic images in the 20th century, with exhibitions that pay tribute to his life and work on the 30th anniversary of his death.

 


Museums around the world exhibit some of his most praised works these days and numerous books celebrate the 58 years of the American visual artist, a Pop Art icon, who helped to trace the artistic path for several decades of the last century.

On the occasion of the anniversary of his death, on February 22, 1987, the influence of Warhol’s mythical New York studio, “Factory“, is also analyzed, while new portraits of the artist, such as that painted by Lincoln Townley, that come out, and will be exhibited in Mayfair, London.

Warhol was able to create images that continue to be present in everyday life for decades after coming out, as the series of polychromatic pictures that he dedicated to Marilyn Monroe shortly after dying the actress in 1962.

The famous Campbell’s Soup Cans , 32 paintings on canvas, also in 1962 that still remain in the mind, which are still admired daily by hundreds of people at the Museo de Arte Moderno de Nueva York (MoMA).

Andrew Warhola, born in Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) in 1928, came from a working-class family of Slovak origin and from childhood he was noted for his artistic skills, which he managed to develop, in part, during the long periods of illness in his room.

Despite his fragile health, Warhol graduated in Fine Arts in Pitsburg in 1949, the same year he moved to New York and where he began his meteoric career.

He started designing album covers for RCA Records in the 1950s, but a few years later his talent was recognized and he began to exhibit his works of art in numerous galleries in the 60’s.

Portraits of celebrities

Their portraits of Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Marlon Brando, Elizabeth Taylor or the boxer Mohamed Ali, who on the other hand were criticized by some of their contemporaries for their open commercial character, which they called superficial and easy, highlighted at that time.

But the artist not only excelled by his own works of art, but also by being one of the epicenters of American cultural life, and helped to define the trends of the crazy decade of the 60s.

Around his legendary New York studio, a wide range of artists, musicians, writers and celebrities from the alternative culture met until the assassination attempt against Warhol in 1968, when the increase of security of the enclosure led to its decline.

Over time, the artist continued to receive negative reviews for his mercantile character, but continued to stand out for his connection to highly influential and wealthy personalities, such Mick Jagger, Liza Minnelli, John Lennon, Brigitte Bardot or the Shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi.

In the 80’s, the last years of his life, his image improved thanks to his friendship and promotion of important emerging artists such as Jean-Michel Basquiat or Enzo Cucchi.

Warhol’s death

His unexpected death at New York Hospital caused a strong impact, as it was announced at the time, was caused by a heart attack during a routine gallbladder operation.

However, thirty years after, that version has been questioned by some medical professionals, who point out that the intervention on Warhol was not routine, but a complicated operation for a seriously ill person.

“It was a very, very serious, and not routine, operation on a very sick person,” retired surgeon and medical historian John Ryan last Sunday as was reveleaded in an article in The New York Times by Blake Gopnik, who is preparing a biography of the artist.

It is believed that the terror he felt in hospitals, inherited from a childhood with frequent medical visits, led him to ignore the evident deterioration of his health, which finally ended his life.


New York, February 22, 2017, EFE/Practica Español


Grammar notes: ‘sino’ and ‘si no’, Spanish prepositions ‘por’ and ‘para’


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Comprensión del texto B.2 (Comprehension B.2)

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Question 1
¿De qué trata el texto?
A
La reciente publicación de una biografía sobre Warhol.
B
El centenario de la muerte de un artista.
C
La efeméride de un conocido artista.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...
A
Se han organizado actividades culturales en el marco de este aniversario.
B
La obra de Andy Warhol es todavía muy desconocida en el mundo.
C
Habrá numerosas exposiciones sobre Warhol para el año que viene.
Question 3
Los primeros trabajos de Warhol...
A
Fueron para una compañía discográfica.
B
Fueron retratos de personajes célebres.
C
Eran encargos que le pedían los famosos.
Question 4
Las obras de Warhol...
A
Mostraban objetos o personas relacionadas con la cultura.
B
Son monocromáticas.
C
Siempre fueron muy bien valoradas.
Question 5
Warhol siempre gozó de buena salud.
A
No se sabe.
B
Verdadero.
C
Falso.
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Ortografía B.2 (Orthography B.2)

Practica la diferencia entre sino y si no

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Question 1
Elige la opción correcta
A
No es un retrato de John Lennon si no de Elvis.
B
No es un retrato de John Lennon sino de Elvis.
Question 2
Elige la opción correcta
A
Si no vas al museo no verás esa exposición.
B
Sino vas al museo no verás esa exposición.
Question 3
Elige la opción correcta
A
No solo retrató a Lennon sino también a Marilyn Monroe.
B
No solo retrató a Lennon si no también a Marilyn Monroe.
Question 4
Elige la opción correcta
A
Sino vas al MoMa no podrás ver ese cuadro.
B
Si no vas al MoMA no podrás ver ese cuadro.
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