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ARGENTINA’S REJECTION OF THE DESCRIMINALIZATION OF ABORTION

Buenos Aires / The Senate of Argentina rejected today sanction a bill that sought to decriminalize abortion until the completion of week 14 of gestation.

Although the text of the Law of Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy had already been approved on June 14 by the Chamber of Deputies, it failed to pass now the final and final parliamentary phase in the Senate, having received 31 votes in favour, 38 against and two abstentions, out of a total of 72 seats.

The bill, which decriminalized any abortion until the 14th week of gestation – and not only in the current cases of rape and the mother’s health danger -, generated strong divisions both within the ruling party and in the opposition, which is why an uncertain end was already coming, in a debate that lasted 16 hours.

Because it was finally rejected, the initiative can’t be presented again for parliamentary treatment until next year.

“Let no one get carried away by the culture of defeat. Bravo, girls, you have raised the honour and dignity of Argentine women high”, said Fernando ‘Pino’ Solanas, senator of Proyecto Sur.

A similar message was launched by Miguel Ángel Pichetto, leader of the Justicialista Party’s bench, a historic Peronist formation.

“Sooner than later, on a day surely brighter than this gray and sad day of rain, women will have the normative response they need, get out of the brutality of the state, the penalty on the advance of a dramatic event”, he said, referring to the problem of clandestine abortions.

Although the bill hasn’t prospered, many of the legislators appreciated that this was the first time that the initiative to approve the abortion goes so far: up to six times it had been presented in Congress, but it was not even discussed.

“Abortion is always a tragedy, what it does is add to the woman a new wound more. (…) Legalizing abortion is simply admitting the failure of the State, “remarked the legislator Silvia Elías de Pérez, of the Unión Cívica Radical, which is part of the ruling bloc Cambiemos.

In her opinion, like that of many of the opponents to approve the text, the bill is “unconstitutional” for not ensuring the baby’s life, and defended the implementation of “active public policies” of sex education.

The also pro-government Luis Naidenoff, who was in favor of the text, was “convinced” that it’s “a public health problem” because of the number of women who die each year due to illegal abortions, and because the punitive path for stop and avoid abortions “failed miserably”.

Among the Peronists opposed to the project were Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, one of the five presidents who had the country in 11 days, during the serious crisis of December 2001.

In his opinion as “Catholic, Apostolic, Roman”, life is from the moment of “conception”, and “there is no interpretation” because it is “what the law says”.

Outside the Congress and in the middle of a strong security device, all day long thousands of people gathered in favour of the rule (with green handkerchiefs) and against (celestial), after several months of great activity of both parties to defend their positions.

After the session, in the middle of the night, small incidents were recorded at the exit of the assembled crowds.(August 9, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Question 1
En la noticia se dice que...      
A
el Senado de Argentina votó un proyecto de ley.
B
el Senado de Argentina va a votar un proyecto de ley.
C
el Senado de Argentina continúa debatiendo un proyecto de ley.
Question 2
Ese proyecto de ley...  
A
fue aprobado por la Cámara de Diputados pero no por el Senado.
B
ha sido aprobado tanto por la Cámara de Diputados como por el Senado.
C
solo ha sido aprobado por el Senado.
Question 3
Con ese proyecto de ley se buscaba...      
A
prohibir el aborto en toda Argentina.
B
dejar de considerar el aborto como un delito.
C
definir el aborto como un delito.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que...  
A
solo hubo división entre el partido oficialista y los partidos de la oposición.
B
no había división de opinión entre los senadores de un mismo partido.
C
hubo una gran división incluso dentro de los propios partidos políticos.
Question 5
En el texto se dice que algunas de las personas que votaron en contra...      
A
descartan que ese proyecto vaya en contra de la Constitución.
B
piensan que ese proyecto es constitucional aunque no sea moral.
C
consideran que ese proyecto de ley va en contra de la Constitución.
Question 6
Algunos senadores valoran positivamente que este proyecto de ley...    
A
haya sido debatido de nuevo en el Senado de Argentina.
B
nunca haya sido debatido ni el Senado ni en la Cámara de Diputados.
C
haya sido debatido por vez primera en el país.
Question 7
En la noticia se dice que...      
A
solo se manifestaron aquellas personas que están a favor de la despenalización del aborto.
B
hubo manifestaciones tanto a favor como en contra de ese proyecto de ley.
C
solo salieron a la calle las personas que están en contra del aborto.
Question 8
Naidenoff considera que...    
A
ese proyecto de ley intenta solucionar un problema que afecta a la salud de las mujeres.
B
ese proyecto de ley no tiene nada que ver con ningún problema de salud.
C
la penalización del aborto está reduciendo notablemente el número de abortos ilegales en el país.
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