The Argentine Senate approved a measure to renew a 17-year-old emergency food law. Read this information to know more about it.
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Argentine lawmakers renew emergency food law

Buenos Aires / The Argentine Senate approved on Wednesday a measure to renew a 17-year-old emergency food law amid the worsening economic crisis in the South American nation.

All 61 senators present for the session voted in favor of the renewal, which passed in the lower house last week.

Enacted in 2002 as Argentines suffered Depression-level unemployment and poverty following a financial collapse, the law was re-authorized on a regular basis until last December, when it was allowed to lapse.

The renewal of the law until 2022 mandates the creation of a national nutrition and food program and an increase of at least 50 percent in government spending to counter hunger.

Argentina’s congressional budget office estimates that the required additional appropriations will amount to 10 billion pesos ($172 million) this year.

The emergency food law also gives Cabinet ministers the power to redirect funds budgeted for other purposes to dealing with hunger.

Promoted by the opposition, the renewal was initially opposed by conservative President Mauricio Macri, who said that his administration was already doing enough to address the problem.

Ultimately, however, the president said that ruling-party lawmakers should make themselves “available” to approve the extension of the emergency food law.

In the hours ahead of Wednesday’s Senate session, thousands of people gathered outside the capitol to demand that senators pass the bill.

The latest government statistics, from the first quarter of 2019, show that 34.1 percent of Argentines are living below the official poverty line, while 7.9 percent are indigent.

But figures released Wednesday signal a nearly 59 percent in the price of food staples during the 12 months ending Aug. 31, leading opposition lawmakers to suggest that the actual poverty rate is closer to 40 percent.

Sen. Maria Magdalena Odarda said that 10 percent of children in Argentina – one of the world’s leading agricultural exporters – were “experiencing hunger.”

“We are a country capable of providing food for 400 million people and we can’t figure out how to provide food for 15 million people,” she said on the Senate floor. “How can it be that a child goes to bed with an empty stomach or that his parents skips meals to feed that child.”

Argentina’s GDP fell 2.5 percent in 2018, according to the latest official figures available, and the economy contracted by 3.1 percent on a year-on-year basis in the January-May 2019 period. (September 18, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
En el texto se dice que el Senado argentino... (It's said in the text that the Argentine Senate...)    
A
todavía no ha dado el visto bueno a una solicitud para prorrogar una ley.
B
no aprobó un proyecto de ley relacionado con una emergencia alimentaria.
C
aprobó una ley relacionada con la emergencia alimentaria que hay en el país.
Question 2
Según el texto... (According to the text...)  
A
el Senado y la Cámara de los Diputados aprobaron ese proyecto de ley en el mismo día.
B
todos los senadores habían votado a favor de esa iniciativa.
C
ese proyecto se aprobó antes en el Senado que en la Cámara de los Diputados.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)  
A
el Programa de Alimentación y Nutrición Nacional se creó hace unos años.
B
aumentará en un 50% las partidas presupuestarias relacionadas con políticas de alimentación.
C
se prevé que se reduzcan las partidas presupuestarias destinadas a políticas públicas de alimentación.
Question 4
En la noticia se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)  
A
se harán cambios en las partidas presupuestarias para destinar más dinero a las políticas alimentarias.
B
no será necesario realizar ningún tipo de cambio en las partidas presupuestarias.
C
según el jefe del Gabinete no se destinará más fondos a las políticas alimentarias. 
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)  
A
Argentina ya ha superado por completo la crisis económica.
B
el peso no se ha devaluado.
C
miles de personas estuvieron pidiendo la aprobación de una ley de emergencia alimentaria.
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Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
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Question 1
Se dice que hay un 'agravamiento de la crisis' cuando... (It's said that there's an 'agravamiento de la crisis' when...)  
A
se está superando una crisis.
B
la crisis es cada vez más grave.
C
todo sigue igual.
Question 2
El artículo determinado para 'crisis' es: (The definite article for 'crisis' is:)      
A
la
B
lo
C
el
Question 3
Si te 'dan el visto bueno'... (If they give you 'el visto bueno'...)
A
te dan un consejo.
B
no te dan su aprobación.
C
te dan su aprobación.
Question 4
Un 'trimestre' es... (A 'trimestre' is...)
A
un periodo de tres años.
B
un periodo de tres meses.
C
un periodo de tres semanas.
Question 5
Un sinónimo de 'adicional' es... (A synonym for 'adicional' is...)
A
desunido.
B
añadido.
C
separado.
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