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Economy

ATTENTION TO THE STOCK MARKETS

After the storm comes the calm or that is, at least, what the most optimistic analysts wanted after the sharp swings that the international stock markets suffered last week, dragged by Wall Street.

Wall Street closed its last session with the most pronounced weekly accumulated setback since two years ago: The Industrial Dow Jones and the selective S & P 500 fell 5.2 points in the week, something that was not repeated since January 2016, and the index Composed of the Nasdaq market ended with a cumulative decline of 5.1%.

The new stage of the stock market crash that Wall Street accumulates began to register on Friday, February 2, after having closed one of the best months of January that is remembered in recent years, with eleven records in the Industrial Dow Jones.

The main element that has generated these falls is linked to the increase in profitability of US Treasury bonds to ten years, which at the close of Wall Street was at 2.853%, at levels that have not been seen for four years.

This increase makes the debt market more attractive than the stock market, and without the risks generated by the stock market.

The interest rate of the 10-year Treasury bond is used as a reference to establish the borrowing costs of companies, mortgages and loans from state and local governments.

These fears about inflation are linked to the belief that the Federal Reserve (Fed) can apply increases in interest rates at a faster pace than initially announced.

But representatives of the Fed have not signaled that this is going to happen, and the central bank remains with the idea of applying the three gradual increases that it has programmed throughout the year.

In a weekly report to its clients, the investment firm Merrill Lynch considers that there are no signs of panic, despite these “violent stock movements” this week, and in any case the Fed “does not go out to respond to changes of short term”. (February 11, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
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Question 1
En la noticia se dice que…
A
todas las Bolsas del mundo estuvieron al alza en los últimos días.
B
las Bolsas han bajado significativamente en los últimos días.
C
a penas las Bolsas se han desplomado en los últimos días.
Question 2
Según el texto, a los expertos les gustaría que…
A
las Bolsas continúen desplomándose.
B
ya no hubiera más grandes pérdidas en la Bolsa.
C
la tendencia negativa de las Bolsas continúe indefinidamente.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que…
A
Wall Street perdió mucho también el mes pasado.
B
el mes pasado fue muy bueno para Wall Street.
C
Wall Street lleva ya dos meses consecutivos con malos resultados.
Question 4
Según el texto, esas bajadas estarían relacionadas…
A
con el hecho de que es más rentable comprar bonos del Tesoro de EE.UU. que invertir en Bolsa.
B
con el hecho de que ya nadie está interesado en comprar deuda de Estados Unidos.
C
con el hecho de que cada vez más gente prefiere invertir antes en Bolsa que comprar deuda pública.
Question 5
La Fed ha confirmado que habrá un aumento en los tipos de interés.
A
Así es.
B
En absoluto.
C
Nadie lo sabe.
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