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Morphology

Augmentatives in Spanish

The augmentatives are formed in Spanish by adding the suffixes -on, -azo, -ote, -achón, -ejón, -errón, -ónón, -etón and -aton to nouns, adjectives and even verbs.

As the word indicates, augmentatives are used to makke bigger something, usually express something large or talk about something that has great importance.

Then, you will find some examples with the most common suffixes to form augmentatives.

-ón

Words formed with this suffix has masculine gender, although these are derived from a feminine word.

La noticia> el notición

La película > el peliculón

El portal > el portalón

La torre > el torreón

In addition, names are also formed from a verb such as:

apagar > apagón

-azo

Generally, this suffix is ​​used to express violent blows or movements made with the derived name.

Tomato> tomatazo (hit with a tomato)

Pelota > pelotazo (hit with a ball)

However, it is also used -azo to express that something is very large from a positive point of view such as:

Piso > pisazo (large flat and very beautiful)

hotel> hotelazo (very large and luxurious hotel)

-ote

Generally, this suffix is ​​used from a derogatory point of view, that is, negative.

Muchacho > muchachote

Grande > grandote

-ejón

Some words formed with this suffix are:

Abeja > abejón

Calle > callejón

-achón

Some examples of words with this suffix are:

Rico > ricachón

Bueno > bonachón (irregular form of ‘bueno’)

Sandra Municio / Practica Español

Bibliography consulted for this post: Nueva gramática de la lengua española, RAE

Exercise

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Question 1
Elige el aumentativo
A
Perrazo.
B
Perro.
C
Perrito.
Question 2
Elige el aumentativo.
A
Zapatazo.
B
Zapato.
C
Zapatito.
Question 3
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A
Ricachón.
B
Rico.
C
Riquísimo.
Question 4
Elige el aumentativo.
A
Hombrecillo.
B
Hombre.
C
Hombretón.
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