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Nature

Australian bushfires impacted 3 billion animals: WWF

By Rocío Otoya Watanabe / Sydney, Australia / Around 3 billion animals were killed or displaced by the devastating bushfires last summer in Australia, a preliminary report published on Tuesday said.

The World Wide Fund for Nature’s interim report “Australia’s 2019-2020 Bushfires: The Wildlife Toll,” triples the initial figure and includes some 143 million mammals, 2,46 billion reptiles, 180 million birds and 51 million frogs.

Australia’s unique fauna is home to some 300 native species including marsupials such as kangaroos and koalas, monotremes such as platypus and echidnas, and placentals such as dingos.

“The interim findings are shocking. It’s hard to think of another event anywhere in the world in living memory that has killed or displaced that many animals. This ranks as one of the worst wildlife disasters in modern history,” said WWF-Australia CEO Dermot O’Gorman, in a statement.

In January Chris Dickman of the University of Sydney, who oversaw this report led by Lily Van Eeden, estimated that 1.25 billion animals had been affected by forest fires in the Australian states of New South Wales and Victoria, the worst affected.

Then, the scientist considered that many animals that escaped the flames had little chance of surviving, especially due to the lack of food, water and a den, so they would have to move to already occupied places and into more vulnerable conditions in front of their predators.

Van Eeden’s current study, which expands fire damage to an area of ​​11.46 million hectares, is also considered an important tool for reviewing the country’s biodiversity and environmental protection laws.

The results of the report represent a wake-up call for Australia and countries vulnerable to extreme fires due to the impact of climate change on biodiversity.

“How quickly can we decarbonize? How quickly can we stop our manic land clearing? We land clear at a rate that’s one of the highest in the world,” said Dickman in a statement on this new study, of which the final is expected to be presented at the end of August.

The bushfires, baptized in the country as the “Black Summer” and which killed 34 people and burned an area similar to that of Uruguay, began in September and lasted until the end of February.

Another of Australia’s worst fires, dubbed “Black Saturday,” began on Feb. 7, 2009 when temperatures rose to 46.4 degrees Celsius and caused 173 fatalities, a tragedy considered the worst natural disaster in the country’s modern history. (July 28, 2020, EFE/PracticaEspañol)

The related video news (December 31, 2019):


Comprensión

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Question 1
Principalmente el texto habla...
A
del cambio climático de forma genérica.
B
de un estudio sobre el daño que han causado unos incendios en la fauna de Australia.
C
de unos incendios que tuvieron lugar en Australia hace unos años.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...
A
esos incendios afectaron a miles de millones de animales que habitan en Australia.
B
esos incendios solo han afectado a reptiles y aves.
C
todos esos incendios se produjeron este año.
Question 3
Según el texto...
A
los incendios afectaron a más de mil millones de animales solo en Nueva Gales del Sur y en Victoria.
B
ningún animal se desplazó a otras zonas a causa de los incendios.
C
los expertos creen que todos los animales que se desplazaron no tuvieron que hacer frente a ninguna situación adversa.
Question 4
Leyendo el texto entendemos que hay especies animales que son propias de Australia.
A
¡Imposible saberlo!
B
Así es.
C
Para nada.
Question 5
Según el texto...
A
esos incendios arrasaron un área con una extensión similar a la de Uruguay.
B
también se produjeron incendios forestales en Uruguay el año pasado.
C
esos incendios comenzaron en febrero de este año.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que...
A
el verano austral comienza en diciembre.
B
se desconoce si alguna persona ha perdido la vida a causa de esos incendios.
C
se ha logrado apagar todos los incendios que se habían declarado en el estado de Victoria.
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Vocabulario

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Question 1
¿Qué animal es un "anfibio"?
A
El canguro.
B
El koala.
C
La rana.
Question 2
Un "hallazgo" es...
A
"una solución".
B
"un descubrimiento".
C
"una ayuda".
Question 3
En el texto "llamas" hace referencia a...
A
una forma del presente del indicativo del verbo "llamar".
B
un tipo de animal.
C
un incendio.
Question 4
La expresión "a raíz de" significa...
A
"quizá".
B
"a causa de".
C
"sin ningún motivo".
Question 5
La escritura correcta de "143.000.000" es...
A
"ciento cuarenta y tres mil".
B
"ciento cuarenta y tres millones".
C
"mil millones cuarenta y tres".
Question 6
La escritura correcta de "3.000.000.000." es...
A
"tres millones".
B
"trecientos millones."
C
"tres mil millones".
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