Madrid / Bees are able to develop simple mathematical operations, such as addition or subtraction, according to a study published by Science Advances which it focuses on understanding the relationship between brain size and brain power, experimenting with these small insects.
This discovery, which implies that mathematics doesn’t require a large brain, could be an open door facing the field of Artificial Intelligence, especially to improve rapid learning processes, according to a statement from the RMIT University of Melbourne.
Researchers say performing mathematical operations requires a fairly sophisticated cognitive level, since they interact long-term memory, which is the one that contains the rules of addition and subtraction, and short-term, which is responsible for manipulating the numbers of a particular operation.
Many non-human species are able to understand the differences between quantities and apply them to solve everyday problems, but solving arithmetic operations requires a more complex level of brain processing.
Understanding of the concept of zero
The study starts from the basis that bees understand the concept of zero, as has already been demonstrated, and consists in teaching them to recognize colours as symbolic representations of addition and subtraction so that they can use this information to solve mathematical problems.
The bees were trained in a labyrinth, where upon entering they saw between 1 and 5 forms of blue (sum) or yellow (subtraction). Then they had to fly to a “decision chamber”, where they decided whether to turn left or right. In the end they received positive stimuli when they went to the right side, or negative ones when they flew to the wrong one.
At the beginning of the experiment, the bees made random decisions but, thanks to the stimuli, they finally learned that blue meant +1 and yellow -1, so they were able to solve the problem.
In addition, bees are not the only non-human species capable of adding and subtracting. Other studies have indicated that some primates, birds and even spiders have this ability. (February 7, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)
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un experimento realizado a unos insectos.
cómo se comunican las abejas.
un experimento realizado a unos mamíferos.
no pueden realizar ninguna operación aritmética.
pueden hacer operaciones matemáticas muy complejas.
son capaces de realizar algunas operaciones aritméticas.
jamás podrá ser realizada por un animal que tenga un cerebro grande.
solo puede ser realizada por animales que tengan un cerebro enorme.
no está determinada por el hecho de tener cerebro grande.
no aporta nada nuevo.
no será útil para otros investigadores que estén trabajando en otros campos.
podría ser útil para que se hagan más investigaciones en otros campos.
No se sabe.
realizaron esas operaciones perfectamente.
nunca se equivocaban en las operaciones
no realizaban correctamente esas operaciones.
las causas de la desaparición de las abejas.
un refugio para las abejas en México.
los diferentes tipos de abeja que hay.
para que las abejas estén protegidas.
solo para que las abejas produzcan miel en su interior.
para evitar que las abejas causen algún daño a los humanos.
No se sabe.