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BIRTH RATE TUMBLES IN SPAIN

Spain is running out of children. The statistics say it. Only 179,794 babies were born between January and June of this year, the lowest birth rate of the entire historical series which began to be produced in 1941, and almost 6% less than those born a year earlier.

The problem is even more serious, because as births fall, deaths increase. In the same period, 226,384 people died, 2.1% more than in the first half of 2017.

Thus, the number of deaths less that of births reflects a loss of population, or vegetative growth, 46,590 people.

These data form part of the Statistics of the Natural Movement of the Population (births, deaths and marriages) disseminated by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), which explain that the loss of population is due to both the highest mortality and the lowest birth registered this year.

The demographic deterioration suffered by Spain worsened a few years after 2008, when the economic crisis began, which meant that a large part of the immigrants, mostly a young population with a birth rate higher than the Spanish one, returned to their countries of origin. or migrate to other areas in search of better life opportunities.

FAREWELL TO 60’s, 70’s AND 80’s

And the consequences are obvious: fewer births (almost 25% less) and a fall in the population that, moreover, is getting older because life expectancy is getting higher (over 83 years).

Since 2012 when Spain recorded the highest population figure in its history, with 46.8 million inhabitants, it has been reduced by close to 200,000 people.

Far are the decades of 60’s, 70’s and 80’s in which births far exceeded half a million and the average number of children per woman was greater than two.

The problem of the birth rate is common to all the autonomous communities, although it is more pronounced in La Rioja, where they fell by 13.7%, followed by Extremadura, with 10.3% and Cantabria, with 7.8%.

And, according to a recent statistics from the INE, Spanish women would like to have more children (the current fertility rate is 1.3 children) but labour, conciliation and economic problems prevent it.

The number of births registered in the first quarter, of which two out of every ten are from a foreign mother, has continued the downward trend that began in 2009, which was interrupted only in 2014, when there was a slight upturn.

While the deaths continue to increase for the fifth consecutive year. (December 16, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (June 2018):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
La noticia habla de...  
A
unas medidas para aumentar la natalidad en España.
B
la pérdida de población en España.
C
la baja tasa de natalidad en toda Europa.
Question 2
En la noticia se dice que...  
A
no hay cambios en relación con la tasa de natalidad en España.
B
cada año está aumentando un poco la población en España.
C
cada vez nacen menos niños en España.
Question 3
En España la población desciende porque...  
A
hay más nacimientos que muertes.
B
hay el mismo número de nacimientos que de muertes.
C
hay más muertes que nacimientos.
Question 4
Según el texto, cuando empezó la crisis económica...  
A
mejoró notablemente la tasa de natalidad.
B
la tasa de natalidad fue la misma que la de hace unas décadas.
C
se fue reduciendo el número de nacimientos.
Question 5
Según el texto, las mujeres españolas no tienen más hijos...  
A
solo por motivos económicos.
B
por motivos económicos y laborales.
C
porque no desean tener más.
Question 6
Entre las décadas de 1960 y 1980...  
A
la tasa de natalidad era muy baja.
B
las mujeres tenían más hijos que en la actualidad.
C
las mujeres generalmente solo tenían un hijo.
Question 7
Según el vídeo, de media las mujeres son madres...  
A
antes de los 32 años.
B
a las 32,1 años.
C
a los 22 años.
Question 8
En el vídeo se dice que...  
A
se mantiene la esperanza de vida en España.
B
está bajando la esperanza de vida en España.
C
podría bajar la esperanza de vida en España.
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There are 8 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
'Fallecer' es...  
A
morir.
B
nacer.
C
enfermar.
Question 2
La palabra 'natalidad' está relacionada con...    
A
el envejecimiento de la población.
B
las muertes.
C
los nacimientos.
Question 3
Con el término 'deterioro' expresamos que...  
A
se empeora el estado de algo.
B
no hay cambios.
C
algo mejora.
Question 4
Un trimestre es lo mismo que...    
A
tres años.
B
tres meses.
C
tres décadas.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 4 questions to complete.

Noticias al azar