Monaco’s Grimaldi Forum pays tribute to Salvador Dali. Read this information to know more about it.
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Culture

Dalí, the nostalgic innovator

Monaco / Salvador Dalí was both an innovator of the artworld and a nostalgic and his art, although transgressive and in a state of constant flux, had a recurrent theme that connected him to the great masters of art history, the curator of a retrospective show in Monaco told Efe.

The work of Dalí as a painter is being rediscovered by Monaco’s Grimaldi Forum, a gallery that pays tribute to the Spanish artist starting Saturday by hosting the first display of his paintings in the Principality.

Dalí did not spare compliments for himself, as he deemed himself a great painter compared with his contemporaries, referring to himself as “Salvador (rescuer) of the modern painting”, a play on the Spanish word for “savior”, which was also his first name.

The show “Dalí, A History of Painting” aims to shed light on an artist obsessed with painting and his relations with his contemporaries with an emphasis on his links with the Renaissance great masters.

Although the 4,000-square meter exhibit offers viewers a chance to see Dalí as more than just a painter by exhibiting fragments of his writing and showcasing his work in cinema and theater, the Grimaldi Forum focuses on his phase as a professional painter.

The show, which commemorates the 30 years since the Spaniard died, includes paintings, drawings and photos that go behind his public persona and project an artist fascinated by the domain and the study of pictorial technique and the history of art.

In 1948, with the publishing of “50 Secrets of Magic Craftsmanship“, he opted to use words rather than colors to defend the classic painters’ technical skill he thought modern ones lacked.

The book is one of the pillars of the retrospective.

“Dalí presented a comparative table of values, based on his personal analysis, and created over the course of 10 years,” Monste Aguer, the show’s curator told Efe.

In this analysis, he compared art history greats, including himself, and scores them across different disciplines such as technique, color and composition.

Dalí immersed himself in the classics at an early age when his father gifted him art books.

From that moment “the great masters such as Vermeer, Rafael o Leonardo accompanied him right through to his last paintings in which he returned to Velázquez and Miguel Ángel, the curator added.

“In Dalí there is always a junction between innovation and tradition. He innovates, is ahead of his time, but always has an eye on the past, on the painters whom he considers masters,” Aguer added.

The exhibit accompanies the artistic evolution of Dalí from Impressionism to Surrealism passing through Cubism.

In the last phase, Dali tried to go beyond the painting and resorted to science through optical effects, geometry and architecture.

“Dalí was in constant evolution, but there was always a common thread, which was the great masters,” Aguer concluded. (July 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla de... (Mainly in the text, it's talked about...)
A
los libros sobre arte que leía Dalí cuando era niño.
B
una muestra en la que se profundiza la relación de Dalí con otros artistas.
C
la celebración del 30 aniversario de la muerte de Dalí.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que Dalí... (It's said in the text that Dalí...)
A
apenas tenía interés por las obras que realizaron los pintores renacentistas.
B
jamás llegó a reivindicar la técnica de los maestros del Renacimiento en sus obras.
C
no se veía así mismo como un buen pintor al lado de los maestros del Renacimiento.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)    
A
Dalí no llegó a terminar un tratado de pintura en el que reivindicaba la técnica de los pintores clásicos.
B
Dalí consideró que la técnica de los pintores clásicos había sido olvidada por los modernos.
C
se desmiente que haya elementos tradicionales e innovadores en la obra de Dalí.
Question 4
Según el texto... (According to the text...)  
A
la última época de Dalí estuvo muy marcada por el clasicismo.
B
ningún pintor coetáneo a Dalí ejercició ningún tipo de influencia en este pintor.
C
Aguer considera que Dalí apenas evolucionó con el paso de los años.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)  
A
Dalí innova pero siempre teniendo en cuenta a los maestros de la pintura.
B
Dalí desmiente que él fuera el salvador de la pintura moderna.
C
no se expone ninguna fotografía en esa retrospectiva.
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Vocabulary

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Question 1
Un 'elogio' es... (A 'elogio' is...)  
A
una crítica.
B
una alabanza, un halago.
C
un comentario hiriente.
Question 2
Tus 'coetáneos' son... (Your 'coetáneos' are...)  
A
aquellas personas de todas las épocas que tuvieron, tienen o tendrán el mismo oficio que tú.
B
aquellos que viven en la misma época que tú.
C
aquellos que no viven en la misma época que tú.
Question 3
'Pretender' es... ('Pretender' is...)  
A
evitar algo.
B
querer conseguir algo.
C
no tener interés en algo.
Question 4
En el texto, 'sino' es... (In the text, 'sino' is...)  
A
una conjunción que expresa oposición.
B
lo mismo que 'destino'.
C
una conjunción que expresa posibilidad.
Question 5
Al decir 'más allá' se está diciendo... (When we say 'más allá', it  means...)        
A
'en este mundo'.
B
'más lejos'.
C
'muy bien'.
Question 6
Algo 'mediocre' es... (Something 'mediocre' is...)  
A
de mala calidad o no muy bueno.
B
excelente.
C
lo mejor que hay.
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