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Culture

DIES THE “ETERNAL”CANDIDATE FOR NOBEL PRIZE PHILIP ROTH

Washington / The death of the American Philip Roth at age 85 in a hospital in Manhattan leaves the world of American letters without one of the great storytellers of the twentieth century, an “eternal” candidate for the Nobel prize, which, however, he never achieved.

Of Jewish origin, Roth, whose texts reflected his curiosity for personal, cultural and ethnic identity, and artistic creation, was considered one of the most important contemporary writers in the United States.

Criticized by Jews and feminists, his work received almost all awards except the Nobel Prize.

Born in Newark (New Jersey) on March 19, 1933, he belonged to the second generation of a Jewish family emigrated from the European region of Galitzia (Poland / Ukraine).

Roth graduated from the University of Bucknell (Pennsylvania) and obtained a postgraduate degree in English literature from the University of Chicago, where he worked as a professor of creative writing. He also taught at the universities of Iowa, Pennsylvania and Princenton (New Jersey).

Works by Philip Roth

His first work, Goodbye Columbus, published in 1959, after a year of work as an administrative officer in the Army, is a book composed of five short stories about the life of Jews in the United States. who won the National Book Award, and placed it in the forefront of the publishing market. It was also the first of his works taken to the cinema, in 1969.

Letting go (1962) was his first novel proper, in which narrates the agony of a young professor who is torn between reason and feelings, a conflict that constitutes one of the keys of his literary production, to the who followed When she was good (1967).

But it was with the publication of his third novel, Portnoy’s complaint (1969), when Roth achieved literary success.

Each of his works was an editorial success and the object, the majority, of scandal and impact on American society. His relevance was such that he finally had to abandon teaching in 1992 to devote himself entirely to literature.

The American writer used a character, Nathan Zuckerman, considered his alter ego and recurrent in many of his novels, to analyze with fine humour the despair and fantasies of his countrymen.

American Pastoral (1997), I married a communist (1998) and The human stain (2000), constitute a trilogy about the recent history of USA.

In The plot against America (2004) it describes an alternative version of the history of the United States, in which the president Roosevelt is defeated by Charles Lindbergh and with her it obtained the Sidewise prizes, of the American Society of Historians and the British WH Smith Literary Award.

His narrative is completed with Elegy (2006), a novel where he reflects on old age and death after a complicated operation suffered, as in Exit Ghost (2007), the end of the saga with an aged Zuckerman who fights against decrepitude after a prostate operation.

These are followed by Indignation (2008), The humbling (2009) and Nemesis (2010), his last novel.

Awards

2001 Gold Medal of Narrative, the highest award given by the North American Academy of Arts and Letters, and National Medal of the Arts, also won the Man Booker International award in 2011.

He received the PEN / Faulkner Award for Operation Shylock: a confession (1993) and for The Human Stain and the PEN / Nabokov prize. He also won the National Book Award for The Sabbath’s Theater (1995), Pulitzer Prize for narrative for American Pastoral and the prestigious National Book Critics Circle Award for his novel Patrimony: A True Story (1991).

In 2012, he won the Prince of Asturias Award in Spain after winning the last round of voting to the Japanese Haruki Murakami.

He was married twice. The first with Margaret Martinson (1959-1963), who died in 1968 in a car accident. The second with English actress Claire Bloom, who divorced in 1994 after a stormy marriage.

Bloom felt betrayed to read the manuscript of Deception: A Novel (1990), which appeared a boring middle-aged woman named Claire married to an adulterous writer named Philip. (May 23, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
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Question 1
En la noticia se dice que...  
A
un crítico literario se encuentra ingresado en un hospital.
B
un escritor novel acaba de ser hospitalizado.
C
un reconocido escritor ha fallecido.
Question 2
Sobre Roth, en este texto...  
A
se da información sobre quién fue y sobre su trayectoria literaria.
B
solo se habla de los galardones que recibió.
C
solo se da información sobre cómo era su vida privada.
Question 3
Según el texto, Roth...  
A
fue un escritor que empezó a ser reconocido por la crítica a comienzos de este siglo.
B
apenas llegó a destacar en el mundo de las letras.
C
es considerado uno de los mejores escritores del siglo pasado.
Question 4
Según la noticia, las obras de Roth...  
A
jamás llegaron a recibir ninguna crítica negativa de nadie.
B
llegaron a causar polémica en la sociedad de su país natal.
C
pasaron más bien desapercibidas entre la sociedad.
Question 5
Roth...  
A
no llegó a ser galardonado con todos los premios  más importantes de literatura.
B
apenas fue reconocido por la crítica literaria.
C
fue galardonado con todos los premios más importantes de literatura.
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There are 5 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
En el contexto de la noticia, se dice que Zuckerman era 'recurrente'...  
A
porque aparecía con frecuencia en las obras de Roth.
B
porque era un personaje que apenas aparecía en la obra de Roth.
C
porque era un hombre ingenioso.
Question 2
'Compatriota'...  
A
es una persona que está visitando tu país de origen.
B
es una persona que es del mismo país de origen que tú.
C
es una persona que defiende a su país.
Question 3
Relacionas 'decrepitud' con...    
A
una gran decadencia física a consecuencia de la vejez.
B
una persona que está en buena forma a pesar de la edad.
C
una persona que no tiene molestias.
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