A researcher, Javier Escudero, holds that “almost all stories that appear in the first 20 chapters in the Quixote are real facts” related to three Spanish families: the Acuña, the Villaseñor and the Ortiz.
A gentleman hidalgo, came unless, attacked a windmill in El Toboso (Toledo), between 1594 and 1595 at midday and with witnesses, was tried and imprisoned by Inquisition because he also cut with his sword a wood cross, but finally he avoided penalty paying 3,000 Maravedis for costs.
This real story has been found at Diocesan Archive in Cuenca by the researcher Javier Escudero, who takes more than two years diving in the documents the trace of the characters reflected by Cervantes in Quixote and he has found that about thirty of them, at least, were real and lived in a small landscape at the end of the sixteenth century.
In an interview with EFE, Escudero has explained that “almost all stories that appear in the first 20 chapters of The Quixote are real facts”, from to dress like knights to go to inns no paying, bewitched women and even the fight against a windmill.
Ortiz’s black sheep
Agustin Ortiz was son of a knight from the Order of Saint John and was part of an important family from La Puebla de Almoradiel, municipality close to El Toboso.
However, Agustin was the black sheep of the family and he had had to do several jobs, among them barber, when he had an accident in the windmill of Pedro Molares, the old man, placed on the way from Saint Anna to El Toboso around 1594.