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World

Elizabeth II’s speech to the British calling for ‘calm’ and ‘determination’ and invoking the spirit of World War II

London / Queen Elizabeth II addressed the citizens of the United Kingdom this Sunday in an unusual televised speech asking for calm and determination to overcome the coronavirus health crisis.

The 93-year-old British head of state invoked the spirit of resistance from World War II, and when the country claims nearly 5,000 deaths from the coronavirus pandemic, she urged citizens to act with an eye toward future generations.

“Those who come after us will say that the British of this generation were as strong as all the others”, declared the monarch, who praised in his speech the values ​​of “self-discipline”, “calm and good-humored determination” and ” companionship ”in times of crisis.

In a broadcast in which images of health workers and citizens applauding from their homes were interspersed, the queen praised the work of the public health system and the employees who remain in their jobs in various key sectors.

During her nearly seven decades of reign, the sovereign has reserved this type of intervention for especially momentous moments. He did it during the Gulf War, in 1991; with the death of Diana of Wales, in 1997, and that of the Queen Mother, in 2002, and on the 60th anniversary of her accession to the throne, in 2012.

Memory of the World War II

The monarch dedicated a fragment of her speech to recall her first radio address, in 1940. On that occasion, at just 14 years old, she addressed British children who had been transferred outside their homes to keep them safe.

“Today, once again, many will suffer a painful separation from their loved ones. But now, as much as then, we know, deep down, that this is what we should do, “he stressed.

He also made reference to a hymn popularized during the Second World War by the British singer Vera Lynn, “We will meet again”, which at the time was popularized as a symbol of the soldiers leaving the front .

“We will be successful and that success will belong to each of us. We should be comforted by the fact that while we still have to resist, the best days will return. We will be with our friends again, with our families. We will meet again, ”he said.

Despite the similarities with past moments of crisis, he stressed that “this occasion is different” in important respects.

“This time we are united with all the nations of the world in a joint effort, using the fantastic advances in science,” he said.

Isolated in Windsor

The speech that was delivered this Sunday was recorded a few days ago in Windsor Castle, east London, where the queen moved in mid-March to protect herself from the epidemic.

Only one BBC public television camera, dressed in protective clothing, was present in the castle’s White Drawing Room, which was chosen because it allowed a wide security distance to be maintained between that technician and the monarch.

Her son Charles, heir to the throne of 71 years, announced at the end of last month that he had tested positive for COVID-19, and a week later, already recovered, he came out of isolation.

Instead, British Prime Minister Conservative Boris Johnson, 55, who reported nine days ago that he also has the virus and has developed mild symptoms, remains confined to his Downing Street residence.

Her partner, Carrie Symonds, 31 and pregnant with her first child with Johnson, has spent the last week in bed with symptoms of the disease, although she has assured that the test has not been done to confirm if she has been infected with the SARS virus -CoV-2.

The head of government has continued to preside over cabinet meetings during this period of isolation via videoconference and, according to Health Minister Matt Hancock, said on Sunday that he still has a fever but is “fine”.

Confinement measures

The Government has ordered citizens in the UK to stay home if it is not to go to work – if they cannot do it remotely – to buy, go to the doctor or play sports.

The good weather that has been recorded this weekend has filled the parks with people walking, running and cycling – activities that are allowed – but the police have also had to disperse groups and alert people sunbathing in spaces public, which is prohibited during confinement.

Given this scenario, Hancock has warned that he will consider tightening the conditions of confinement if a part of the population chooses not to “obey the rules” that have been dictated.

The death toll from the coronavirus has been increasing in recent days. This Sunday an increase of 621 fatalities was reported, compared to 708 and 684 in the two previous days, respectively.

Confirmed infections have increased in 24 hours in 5,903, to 47,806, after 195,524 diagnostic tests have been performed. (April 6, 2020, EFE / PracticaEspañol)

(Automatic translation)

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Question 1
Principalmente, el texto habla...  
A
de por qué la reina Isabel II está aislada en el castillo de Windsor.
B
de lo que dijo la reina Isabel en un discurso televisado que dio el domingo.
C
del número de personas contagiadas por COVID-19 en Reino Unido.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...  
A
esta es la primera vez que la reina Isabel II realiza este tipo de intervenciones.
B
el discurso que dio Isabel II no tiene nada que ver con la crisis causada por el coronavirus.
C
la reina Isabel II no solo pidió a los  británicos calma sino también determinación para superar esta crisis.
Question 3
Según el texto, la reina Isabel II...  
A
estuvo recordando durante todo el discurso la primera alocución que dio durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
B
hizo alusión a un himno para expresar que las personas volverán a encontrarse de nuevo con sus seres queridos.
C
considera que esta crisis es igual que las anteriores.
Question 4
Leyendo el texto entendemos que en su discurso Isabel II...  
A
ha querido transmitir calma y fuerza al pueblo británico.
B
no ha tratado de calmar al pueblo británico.
C
ha transmitido incertidumbre e inquietud al pueblo británico.
Question 5
En el texto se dice que...  
A
se desmiente que haya aumentado la cifra de contagiados por coronavirus en Reino Unido.
B
no es verdad que el primer ministro británico haya dado positivo en la prueba de diagnóstico de coronavirus.
C
miles de personas han fallecido en Reino Unido a causa del coronavirus.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que...  
A
no solo cerraron los bares sino también gimnasios.
B
el Gobierno británico no ha tomado aún ninguna medida para proteger el empleo.
C
aún no se ha cerrado ningún bar en Reino Unido para evitar que aumenten los contagios por coronavirus.
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