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MEDINA AZAHARA, THE CITY THAT SHINES

Córdoba/ “The city that shines”. This is the literal meaning of Medina Azahara, the name that the first caliph of Al-Ándalus, Abderramán III, who belongs to the Umayyad dynasty, gave to this town of Cordoba in the year 936, which has been declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The city was built seven years after the Caliphate of Córdoba, the one of the greater political, social and economic splendor of the Muslim Spain and the one which made the cordobesa city the most advanced of its time in the whole world.

The legend points out that the caliph raised the city in honour of his favourite wife, whose name was Zahara, a Christiana slave, people say that she never got used to the place and for whom Abderramán ordered to build a garden of almond in blossom.

Although Medina Azahara became the seat of government and the resident of the caliph, the splendor of the city was reduced to ruins less than hundred years after its construction and it was erased from history.

Capitals, shafts and other rich materials of the city were used in emblematic buildings such as the Giralda and the Alcazar of the Christian Kings of Sevilla, while other pieces went to private collections.

In 1911, with few historical references about the site, the first excavations of the city began by Ricardo Velázquez Bosco, who was looking in Medina for data and materials to rebuild the fronts of Mosque-Cathedral.

Until his death in 1923, the year in which the archeological site was declared a site of cultural interest, the royal residence was excavated, in the highest part of the city, a series of areas within the Alcazar and some explorations were carried out from north to south to delimit the perimeter of the city.

After 65 years of excavations, 200.000 square meters of the site were discovered, an in 1985 the Junta of Andalucía assumed ownership and management of Medina Azahara, which iniatiated an update and modernization phase to adapt it to the needs of today’s museums. (June 3, 2018, EFE/ Practica Español)

 

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Question 1
La noticia habla sobre ...
A
la Unesco incluye a Medina Azahara en la relación de ciudades medioambientales.
B
la Unesco reconoce a Medina Azahara como la ciudad del califa.
C
la ciudad Medina Azahara declarada Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco.
Question 2
Dice la noticia que Medina Azahara...
A
Estaba dedicada a una mujer
B
Era donde vivía la mujer de un califa
C
Es el nombre de una mujer
Question 3
Sin embargo, el nombre de Medina Azahara significa...
A
la ciudad que brilla
B
la ciudad que nunca brilla
C
la ciudad brillante
Question 4
Según el texto de la noticia...
A
la ciudad de Medina Azahara tuvo cien años de vida.
B
la ciudad de Medina Azahara se ha mantenido en buen estado a lo largo de la historia.
C
la ciudad de Medina Azahara fue destruida y reconstruida en cien años.
Question 5
Dice la noticia que en 1985 la Junta de Andalucía asumió la titularidad de Medina Azahara...
A
Fue mucho antes.
B
No se ha dado el caso.
C
Fue exactamente ese año.
Question 6
En el vídeo relacionado con la noticia se muestra...
A
Medina Azahara después de las excavaciones
B
imágenes de Medina Azahara reducida a ruinas por la guerra.
C
reconstrucción digital de una ciudad califal
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