A new study about optimist people and the positive health effects. Read this information to know more about it.
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Health

Every day it is more obvious that optimist people live longer and better according to New York researchers

Los Angeles (USA) / If a person is optimistic, this person will have a lower risk of coronary heart disease and possibly live longer than a pessimist, suggests a new study published in the JAMA Network Open.

 

 

Contradicting the saying “an optimist is a poorly informed pessimist,” researchers from the Monte Sinai San Lucas Hospital in New York analyzed 15 studies which collected data on more than 239,000 patients.

The comment of the scientists after analyzing the data obtained over a period of 14 years was clearly in favour of those who see the glass half full instead of half empty.

“Optimism was related to a lower risk of cardiovascular complications and pessimism was related to a higher risk of these complications,” said experts at Mount Sinai.

In addition to the “lower cardiovascular risk”, the study launched another message in favour of positive mentality.

“The promotion of optimism and the reduction of pessimism can be important for disease prevention” in general, said the team of analysts led by Alan Rozanski.

Evaluation of the studies

Of the ten studies that evaluated the relationship between optimism and / or pessimism and adverse cardiovascular outcomes, nine of them found “a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular events among people with high rates of optimism.”

Similarly, of nine studies that analyzed positive vision with different causes of mortality, eight of them related optimists with a “longer life.”

The studies evaluated results harvested between November 2001 and January 2017 with people aged between 19 and 93 years.

For Rozanski, studies offer a new and interesting field of research.

“The cardiovascular and psychological benefits of optimism make it a new and attractive field of study within the field of behavioral cardiology,” said the researcher.

Future studies should try to better define the biological behaviour mechanisms underlying this association and evaluate the potential benefit of interventions designed to promote optimism or reduce pessimism, the authors of the analysis indicate. (September 30, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (2018):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla de... (Mainly in the text, it's talked about...)
A
las personas que padecen una enfermedad cardiovascular.
B
un estudio sobre las enfermedades cardiovasculares y las personas optimistas.
C
las diferencias que hay entre una persona optimista y una pesimista.
Question 2
Según ese estudio, las personas optimistas... (According to that study, the optimistic people...)
A
tienen tantas posibilidades de desarrollar una enfermedad cardiovascular como las pesimistas.
B
tienen menos posibilidades de desarrollar una enfermedad cardiovascular.
C
tienen más posibilidades de desarrollar una enfermedad cardiovascular.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
las personas optimistas viven más tiempo que los pesimistas.
B
la forma en cómo vemos una situación no afecta a la salud.
C
los científicos no lograron demostrar que los optimistas vivan mejor.
Question 4
Según Rozanski... (According to Rozanski...)
A
es preciso fomentar el pesimismo para mejorar la salud.
B
es posible prevenir enfermedades en general si somos más optimistas y menos pesimistas.
C
una visión positiva de la vida no ayuda en nada a mejorar la vida de una persona.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que Fuster... (It's said in the video that...)
A
quiere hablar de las medicinas para tratar los enfermedades cardiovasculares.
B
no cree que sea necesario promover los buenos hábitos a los niños.
C
considera que el uso del cerebro es el mejor modo de prevenir los problemas cardiovasculares.
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Vocabulary

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Question 1
En el texto, 'paciente' hace referencia a...(In the text, 'paciente' refers to...)
A
una persona que tiene mucha paciencia.
B
una persona que recibe atención médica.
C
una persona que da atención médica a otra.
Question 2
Algo 'obvio' es... (Something 'obvio' is...)
A
'confuso'.
B
'complejo'.
C
'evidente'.
Question 3
Una persona 'optimista' es aquella que... (A person 'optimista' is someone who...)
A
solo ve el lado negativo de las cosas.
B
ve el lado más favorable de las cosas.
C
cuestiona todo.
Question 4
En el texto, los que 'ven el vaso medio lleno' son... (In the text, who 'ven el vaso medio lleno' are...)
A
los pesimistas.
B
los optimistas y los pesimistas.
C
los optimistas.
Question 5
En general, una enfermedad 'cardiovascular' afecta... (In general, a disease 'cardiovascular' affects...)
A
al corazón.
B
a los pulmones.
C
a los intestinos.
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