Beijing / With the landing of the Chang’e 4 probe on the hidden side of the Moon, the first time a country succeeds, China marks a new milestone in its space programme, which continues at full capacity after more than six decades of history, among which the following dates stand out:
– October 8, 1956.- China opens its first missile and rocket research centre, the Number 5 Institute, led by Qian Xueshen, one of the fathers of the Chinese space programme.
– May 17, 1958.- In response to the launching of Sputnik 1 – the first satellite in orbit – by the USSR, Mao ordered to build and send a Chinese satellite to space before October 1, 1959. The “Project 581”, as the initiative was called, it fails due to the inexperience of the country in aerospace technology.
– October 1958.- Construction of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre, located in the Gobi desert (in the north of the country), from where most of the Chinese missions to space will take off.
– April 24, 1964.- China launched a rocket that transports albino rats into space.
– July 15, 1966.– The Asian country tries to emulate the feat of the dog Laika with the release of two dogs to the cosmos, Little Leopard and Shan Shan. Neither of them reached orbit, but both survived.
– April 24, 1970.– China successfully concludes the launch of its first space satellite, the Dong Fang Hong (“The East is Red”).
– November 26, 1975.– Launch of the first recoverable satellite that returns to Earth three days later.
– September 7, 1988.- It was in orbit the first meteorological satellite, the Feng Yun 1A.
– April 7, 1990.– China begins its commercial launches into space with AsiaSat 1, a communications satellite.
– 1992.– China designs a strategy in three stages to send astronauts to space, giving rise to the Shenzhou spacecraft family (“Divine vessel”).
– November 20, 1999.- China launches its first unmanned spacecraft, the Shenzhou 1, of an experimental nature.
– October 15, 2003.- Yang Liwei becomes the first Chinese astronaut to travel to the cosmos, in the Shenzhou 5 mission, making China the third country to put a human being in orbit.
– February 2004.– Beijing announces its lunar exploration programme, a strategy that will also be divided into three stages.
– October 12, 2005.– China sends two astronauts to space in their Shenzhou 6 mission, who remained in orbit for five days, thus completing the first stage of their strategy.
– May 14, 2007.- China successfully launches a communications satellite for Nigeria, the first time that a foreign buyer acquires a Chinese satellite and its launch service at the same time.
– October 24, 2007.– The Asian giant inaugurates the first stage of its lunar exploration program with the launching of the Chang’e 1 probe.
– September 25, 2008.- Inaugurated the second stage of the Chinese space exploration programme after putting three people in the Shenzhou 7 mission in orbit, who made the first Chinese “spacewalk” in history.
– September 29, 2011.– Launch of China’s first space laboratory, Tiangong 1 (“Palace of Heaven”).
– June 16, 2012. – Departure of the Shenzhou 9 manned mission, the first to successfully join the Tiangong base 1. It was the first flight of a Chinese cosmonaut, Liu Yang.
– December 2, 2013.- China sends the Chang’e 3 probe, designed to explore the lunar surface. This mission launches the second stage of the lunar exploration program of the Asian country.
– December 17, 2015.- Successful launch of the first Chinese space telescope, the Exploration Satellite of Dark Matter Particles.
– September 15, 2016.- As part of the third stage of its manned space programme, China launches its second base, Tiangong 2, with the aim of serving as preparation for the permanent mission, scheduled for 2022.
– October 17, 2016.- China launches its sixth manned mission and the last to date, the Shenzhou 11.
– January 18, 2017.- Officially operational the Micio satellite, the world’s first quantum communication.
– April 20, 2017.- The first Chinese space ship, the Tianzhou 1 ship, was launched successfully, essential for the construction of the future space station.
– April 25, 2018.- China announces its plans to build a habitable scientific base on the Moon.
– December 7, 2018.- After a delay of three years, China finally launches the Chang’e 4 mission.
– January 3, 2019.- The Chang’e 4 probe landed on the dark side of the Moon, the first time in history to be achieved.
(January 5, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)
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los programas espaciales de todos los países.
lo más destacado del programa espacial chino.
los mayores logros de China y la URSS en el espacio.
a mediados de los años 50.
a comienzos de este siglo.
hace solo un par de décadas.
fue un fracaso.
fue todo un éxito.
se realizó antes del lanzamiento del Sputnik 1.
realizará pronto su sexta misión espacial tripulada.
todavía no ha realizado ninguna misión tripulada.
ha realizado varias misiones espaciales tripuladas.
sus planes para explorar el planeta rojo.
un programa para explorar la Luna.
que la sonda Chang'e 4 llegó a la Luna.
Chang'e 4 es la primera sonda que aluniza allí.
se exploró hace unas décadas.
no es un misterio para los astrónomos.
No se sabe.
el alunizaje se realizó en la zona prevista.
la sonda alunizó en un lugar que no estaba previsto.
la sonda todavía no ha alunizado.
es la primera que aluniza en la cara oculta de la Luna.
no tomará muestras de la superficie de la Luna.
será la primera que fotografíe la cara oculta de la Luna.
despega una sonda lunar.
algo es increíble.
una sonda se posa sobre la superficie lunar.