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Health

FAST FOOD AND GLOBAL OBESITY

London / The big rations in fast-food establishments and traditional restaurants are one of the factors that globally contributes to obesity in the world by being hypercaloric.

The medical journal British Medical Journal (BMJ) reports an international team of researchers found 94% of the menus in restaurants with table service and waiters and 72% of the fast food menus in five countries on different continents had 600 calories or more.

In addition, contrary to popular belief, they found the dishes of fast food restaurants contained 33% less calories than the traditional ones and, therefore, they considered the fast-food establishments should not focus the attention when addressing overfeeding and the global epidemic of obesity.

“Fast food has been widely cited as an easy goal for dietary change due to its high caloric content; however, the work of our team in the United States identified meals in restaurants in general as an important goal of interventions to address obesity”, says professor at Tufts University (Boston, USA), Susan B. Roberts, one of the co-authors of the study, the professor at Tufts University (Boston, USA).

Eating out “is now common throughout the world,” but it is important “to bear in mind that it is easy to overeat when a large restaurant meal is just one of those that take place at the end of the day,” she says.

To arrive at these conclusions, the study measured the caloric content of the menus most frequently ordered in randomly selected fast food places in Brazil, China, Finland, Ghana and India and five canteens in workplaces in Finland, where these dining rooms are common, and compared it with the data extracted from restaurants in the United States.

The investigation revealed that in China alone the calories from these meals were lower than in the United States, 719 compared to 1088.

In general, fast foods had fewer calories than those of a restaurant with table service, 809 versus 1,317 per serving.

For its part, the food of the Finnish canteens analysed had 25% less calories per dish than the other two types of restaurants, 880 compared to 1,166.

Identifying factors that can lead to overeating, including dietary practices and environmental factors, can help develop effective interventions against obesity, according to this study.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), global obesity has almost tripled in the last four decades. (December 13, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (April 2018):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Según la noticia, se realizó un estudio...  
A
sobre las calorías que contienen las comidas.
B
sobre todos los factores que causan obesidad.
C
sobre la tasa de obesidad mundial.
Question 2
Según ese estudio, el hecho de comer fuera de casa...
A
no es uno de los factores relacionados con la obesidad.
B
jamás afecta de forma negativa a una persona.
C
está relacionado con una de las causas de la obesidad.
Question 3
Las comidas que comemos fuera de casa tienen...  
A
más calorías que las que comemos en casa.
B
prácticamente la misma cantidad de calorías que las que comemos en casa.
C
menos calorías que las que comemos en casa.
Question 4
Sobre las comidas de los 'fast-food' se dice que tienen...  
A
más o menos la misma cantidad de calorías que las de un restaurante tradicional.
B
muchísimas calorías más que las de los restaurantes tradicionales.
C
menos calorías que las de los restaurantes tradicionales.
Question 5
Según la OMS, el número de obesos en el mundo...  
A
se mantiene igual que hace unas décadas.
B
se ha reducido notablemente.
C
ha aumentado notablemente en las últimas décadas.
Question 6
Según el vídeo, esos jóvenes...  
A
están en contra de la 'comida chatarra'.
B
defienden el consumo de comida 'chatarra'.
C
no están preocupados por los hábitos alimenticios.
Question 7
En el vídeo se dice que esos jóvenes...  
A
no creen que la gente tenga malos hábitos alimenticios.
B
quieren concienciar a la gente de los malos hábitos alimenticios.
C
no quieren concienciar a la gente de los malos hábitos alimenticios.
Question 8
En el vídeo,  'comida chatarra' hace referencia a...  
A
la comida de buena calidad.
B
la comida de mala calidad.
C
los utensilios de cocina.
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There are 8 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
'Abordar' es...  
A
tratar un asunto.
B
concluir.
C
resolver un problema.
Question 2
Una comida 'hipercalórica'...  
A
tiene muchas calorías.
B
tiene muy pocas calorías.
C
no tiene calorías.
Question 3
Lo contrario de 'exceso' es...      
A
excedente.
B
abundancia.
C
falta.
Question 4
Un sinónimo de 'desvelar' es...  
A
'rebelar'.
B
'descubrir'.
C
'ocultar'.
Question 5
En general, una persona va a una 'cantina'...  
A
para bailar.
B
para comer y beber.
C
para cocinar.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 5 questions to complete.

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