Since July, 575,000 hectares of land in Australia have been razed and fires continue burning this Friday in eastern Australia. Read this information to know more about it.
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Forest fires have razed 575,000 hectares of land in Australia since July

Sydney (Australia) / At least 74 wildfires, 33 of them out of control, continued to burn on Friday in eastern Australia, a country that is undergoing one of its worst droughts in hundred years and where more than 575,000 hectares have already been lost to the flames since July.

A spokesperson for the New South Wales Rural Fire Service told EFE that between July 1 to Nov. 5, around 574,727 hectares had been burned, and although the figure was not updated, it had already exceeded the area that was consumed by fires in the previous two seasons put together.

The spokesperson stressed that the amount of land razed by fire since July 1, which already exceeds twice the size of Luxembourg, could further increase dramatically given that the fire season has just begun in Australia.

In 2018, the country recorded its third-hottest year ever.

This season, firefighters have been battling fires mainly in northern New South Wales, in the localities of Hillville – where more than 1,160 hectares of forest land have been charred – Torrington (18,000 hectares) and Crowdy Bay (2,000 hectares).

Firefighters in northern NSW are also preparing for an upsurge in adverse conditions on Friday, when temperatures of 37 degrees Celsius are expected in the city of Brisbane, whereas in Western Australia, temperatures are forecast to exceed 40 degrees in places such as Perth.

The fire season in Australia varies by area and weather conditions, although it usually occurs during the southern summer (between the months of December and March).

The worst fires in the Oceanic country in recent decades occurred in early February 2009 in the state of Victoria (southeast), causing 173 deaths and leaving 414 injured while burning an area of 4,500 square kilometers (1,737 square miles). (November 8, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (November 1, 2019):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla de... (Mainly, it's said in the text that...)
A
unos incendios forestales que siguen activos en Australia.
B
los peores incendios forestales que se han producido en Australia.
C
lo que dijo el portavoz de los bomberos acerca de los incendios.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
en un solo día se han quemado más quinientas mil hectáreas.
B
decenas de miles de hectáreas se han quemado desde el pasado mes de julio.
C
casi todos los incendios están ya bajo control.
Question 3
Según el texto... (According to the text...)
A
solo en Nueva Gales del Sur hay casi un centenar de incendios activos.
B
se desmiente que haya sequía en Australia.
C
ninguna carretera o autopista se ha cerrado completa o parcialmente a causa de los incendios.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
la situación mejorará en la provincia de Queensland.
B
las temperaturas descenderán notablemente en la provincia de Queensland.
C
se espera que la situación empeore en la provincia de Queensland por las altas temperaturas.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
esos incendios no se produjeron en California.
B
los fuertes vientos ayudaron a apagar esos incendios.
C
más de mil personas tuvieron que ser desalojadas por esos incendios.
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Vocabulary

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Question 1
Hay 'sequía' cuando... (There is 'sequía' when...)
A
se produce una inundación.
B
llueve mucho.
C
no llueve o llueve muy poco.
Question 2
'Luxemburgo' es... ('Luxemburgo' is...)
A
la capital de Francia.
B
un país pequeño que se encuentra en Europa.
C
el país más grande del continente europeo.
Question 3
'Esparcir' es... ('Esparcir' is...)
A
concentrarse.
B
reducirse.
C
extenderse.
Question 4
Una 'década' es lo mismo que... (A 'década' is the same thing that...)
A
10 años.
B
50 años.
C
100 años.
Question 5
En el texto 'verano austral' se refiere... (In the text, 'verano austral' refers to...)
A
al verano que tiene lugar tanto en el hemisferio norte como el hemisferio sur.
B
al verano que tiene lugar en el hemisferio norte.
C
al verano que tiene lugar en el hemisferio sur.
Question 6
El artículo determinado para 'superficie' es: (The definite article for 'superficie' is:)
A
el
B
la
C
lo
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