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‘GAOKAO’, UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMS OF CHINA WHICH TEN MILLION CHINESE WILL DO THIS YEAR

Almost ten million students in China face today and tomorrow to the university entrance exams, known as the “gaokao”, a demanding tests that will serve to determine their academic and professional future.

Specifically, a total of 9.75 million schoolchildren, the highest figure of the last eight years, will compete for the best scores to access the country’s universities, whose educational offer is in high demand and is not available to anyone.

The students started today with a Chinese test in the morning, followed by an exam to choose between the branch of science (in which their knowledge of chemistry, physics and biology are evaluated) and the one of letters (which includes geography, history and politics).

The second and last day of exams, which will take place tomorrow, will start with a common math test for all students and will conclude in the afternoon with one of English. All the tests have a duration of two hours.

“I am a bit nervous, although I think I am more or less prepared. I have done many ‘gaokao’ exercises from previous years and I have studied an average of 10 hours a day in the last year,” 18-year-old Wang Xin, who hopes to get into the Beijing University Health Science Center to study Medicine, told EFE.

In her opinion, the “life is not complete without doing the gaokao because it is a very important experience”. She admitted to being nervous, but said she believed that professional life would be more difficult than these entrance exams.

The Medicine degree in that University is not one of the most requested in the country, as are those of the prestigious universities of Beiking or Tsinghua, all in the capital, which Wang hopes to be able to access.

This annual academic meeting, held since 1977 in the country, is the largest exam in the world by number of applicants and mobilizes millions of students, families and teachers who accompany them in the experience.

To facilitate the concentration of students, Beijing authorities have asked bus drivers of the 381 routes that pass near the high school classrooms where examinations are held that do not touch the horn, and the number of services is has expanded to meet the demand.

On Wednesday, the Ministry of Education issued a circular requesting examiners and educational departments to “coordinate noise control”, and to take sanitary prevention measures to prevent students from suffering problems such as “heat stroke.”

To these, on the other hand, he asked them to organize themselves correctly taking into account the schedule of the exams and that they always comply with the standards during the tests.

Since 2016, cheating in the gaokao has been deemed a crime that is included in the Chinese Penal code and punishable by up to seven years in prison. Criminals offer gadgets to help students cheat, such as clothes equipped with microphones.

Given the number of candidates and the number of places offered, about one in four students will not score enough to go to college. (June 7, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

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Question 1
En la noticia se dice que...  
A
aún queda mucho para que los jóvenes chinos hagan unos exámenes para acceder a la universidad.
B
millones de jóvenes chinos acaban de finalizar unas pruebas de acceso a la universidad.
C
millones de jóvenes chinos realizarán unas pruebas de acceso a la universidad.
Question 2
Según el texto...      
A
no se ha registrado un incremento en el número de estudiantes chinos que harán el 'gaokao'.
B
cada vez hay menos estudiantes que tienen interés en hacer el 'gaokao'.
C
este año se ha incrementado el número de estudiantes que harán el 'gaokao'.
Question 3
En la noticia se dice que...  
A
es muy raro que haya algún estudiante que no logre la nota deseada para poder estudiar en la universidad.
B
no todos los estudiantes conseguirán una plaza en la universidad ya que hay mucha demanda.
C
es posible que todos los estudiantes consigan una plaza en la universidad ya que los exámenes no son muy complicados.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que...
A
los examinadores pidieron a los estudiantes que no hagan ruido para que no molesten a los trabajadores.
B
se pidió que haya un control del ruido para que los alumnos no se desconcentren.
C
no es necesario que se reduzca ni se controle el ruido ya que los alumnos no se desconcentrarán.
Question 5
El 'gaokao' es una prueba educativa que se lleva realizando...    
A
desde hace un lustro.
B
desde finales del siglo diecinueve.
C
desde hace unas cuatro décadas.
Question 6
La Ley castiga duramente a quienes hagan trampas en estos exámenes.  
A
Así es.
B
Para nada.
C
No se sabe.
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