Do you know what Greta Thunberg said about the rich countries in the plenary session of the United Nations Climate Summit in Madrid? Read this information to find it out.
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World

Greta: rich countries not doing enough to reduce emissions

Madrid / Developed countries must “do their fair share” to tackle the climate emergency and offset the damage being caused to poorer nations, Greta Thunberg said Wednesday.

Addressing the plenary session of the United Nations Climate Summit in Madrid, the Swedish climate activist urged the leaders of the world’s richest countries to increase their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, accusing them of delaying taking real action by offering “misleading” pledges.

“We indeed have some work to do, but some more than others,” the 16-year-old said.

She criticized politicians for failing to listen to the global scientific community, which estimates that the world’s carbon emissions budget, the upper limit of total carbon dioxide emissions to remain under a specific global average temperature, will be spent in eight years at the current rate.

“These numbers aren’t anyone’s opinions or political views, this is the current best available science,” Thunberg said.

“These figures are global, and say nothing about the aspect of equity, which is absolutely essential to make the Paris Agreement work on a global scale.”

She accused wealthy countries of using important platforms such as the COP to further their agendas rather than focus on constructive, collective solutions.

“Without seeing the full picture, we will not solve this crisis. Finding holistic solutions is what the COP should be all about,” she said.

“But instead it has turned into some kind of opportunity to negotiate loopholes and to avoid raising their ambition. Countries are finding their way around having to take action.”

The teenage activist, who shot to fame last year for striking from school on Fridays as part of the FridaysForFuture movement which has since gone global, insisted that making pledges and promises was not enough to offset the climate crisis, which she repeated was an emergency that requires immediate “drastic action”.

“Only setting up distant dates and saying things that give the impression that action is underway will most likely do more harm than good because the changes required are still nowhere in sight, the politics needed do not exist today, despite what you might hear from world leaders.

“The biggest danger is not inaction, the real danger is when politicians and CEOs make it look like real action is happening when in fact nothing is being done, apart from clever accounting and creative PR.”

The young campaigner, who has traveled the world highlighting the climate emergency, said that the lack of awareness and political urgency was a global issue.

“My experience is that the lack of awareness is the same everywhere (around the world), not least among those elected to lead us,” she said. “There is no sense of urgency whatsoever. Our leaders aren’t behaving as if we were in an emergency. In an emergency, you change your behavior.

“Without that sense of urgency, how can we, the people, understand that we are facing a real crisis?”

Amid the doom of the crisis, Thunberg insisted that there is hope, despite the odds.

“(Hope) does not come from the government or corporations, it comes from the people.

“Democracy is happening all the time, not just on election day. It is public opinion that runs the free world. We do not have to wait. We can start the change right now, we the people.” (December 11, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
Principalmente, el texto habla de... (Mainly, the text talk about...)
A
la Cumbre del Clima que se está celebrando en Madrid.
B
lo que dijo la activista Greta Thunberg sobre la lucha de la emergencia climática.
C
los países que están reduciendo las emisiones de gases.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que Greta Thunberg... (It's said in the text that Greta Thunberg...)
A
considera que los países más ricos ya han hecho todo lo que tenían que hacer.
B
pide que los países ricos cumplan con su parte en la lucha contra el cambio climático.
C
no cree que haga falta que los países ricos tengan que ser los primeros en reducir las emisiones.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
Thunberg considera que los líderes no tienen un sentimiento de emergencia por su conducta.
B
los países menos ricos no tienen que hacer nada para luchar contra la emergencia climática.
C
los líderes mundiales están enviando mensajes de esperanza para que la sociedad comience a despertar.
Question 4
Según el texto... (According to the text...)
A
la Cumbre Climática concluye la semana que viene.
B
Thunberg fue a Madrid para participar en una actos de la Cumbre Climática.
C
la activista Greta Thunberg ha pasado desapercibida entre los medios de comunicación.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
muchos estados tienen una dependencia muy alta al carbón.
B
no es la primera vez que los ministros de Finanzas participan en una cumbre de estas características.
C
al final Al Gore no participará en la Cumbre Climática.
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(Español) Vocabulary

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Question 1
Algo que es 'ineludible'... (Something that is 'ineludible'...)
A
se puede evitar perfectamente.
B
no se puede evitar o eludir.
C
es desconocido.
Question 2
Si hay 'equidad'... (If there is 'equidad'...)
A
hay igualdad.
B
hay desigualdad.
C
no hay consenso.
Question 3
'Hubiera' es una forma del... ('Hubiera' is a form of the...)
A
condicional simple del verbo haber.
B
presente del subjuntivo del verbo haber.
C
pretérito pluscuamperfecto del subjuntivo del verbo haber.
Question 4
Una 'década' es lo mismo que... (A 'década' is the same thing that...)
A
100 años.
B
20 años.
C
10 años.
Question 5
En el texto 'comienzan a despertar' significa que... (In the text, 'comienzan a despertar' means that...)
A
se levantan de la cama.
B
no tienen sueño.
C
comienzan a darse cuenta de algo.
Question 6
El artículo determinado para 'clima' es: (The definite article for 'clima' is:)
A
el
B
lo
C
la
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