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World

HUMAN TRAFFICKING, A NEW WAY OF SLAVERY IN CONFLICT AREAS

Vienna / On Monday, the United Nations warned armed groups in conflict zones are increasingly using human trafficking to finance themselves and attract new recruits, all with the promise, for example, of rewarding them with exploited women as sex slaves.

The UN Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018 published in Vienna has analysed some 24,000 documented cases of human trafficking in 2016 in more than 140 countries.

Sexual exploitation continues to be the most frequent crime of this “21st century slavery”, as the UN calls it, with about 60% of cases, followed by forced labour with a third.

However, these figures analysed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) are only “the tip of the iceberg” since many of the victims are not detected or not all countries have the appropriate mechanisms to prosecute this crime.

According to UNODC report, more than 70% of global trafficking victims are girls and women.

In general it’s estimated the total number of victims is up to five times higher than that recorded by the authorities.

While the majority of victims of sexual exploitation are women, men make up the largest group of forced labour cases.

The report also notes that armed groups in conflict zones also use trafficking as a tool to instill terror among the population and thus facilitate their obedience.

While UN doesn’t provide data on the total number of victims in war zones, it claims that militias and criminal groups exploit the population displaced by conflicts in countries such as Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Burma.

UN recalls that in 2009 only 26 countries had specific institutions that collected data on human trafficking, while now, ten years later, there are 65.

However, UN criticizes the fact that in large parts of Africa and Asia there are hardly any victims detected and no traffickers are sentenced, so it urges those countries and regions to make more efforts to apply international regulations.

From Vienna, Jordi Kuhs, EFE Agency. (January 8, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (September 2018):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
La noticia habla de...  
A
un informe sobre la trata de personas en el mundo.
B
un informe que se elaborará sobre la trata de personas.
C
una cumbre para luchar contra la trata de personas.
Question 2
Según la ONU, los grupos armados...  
A
por ahora no utilizan la trata de personas para financiarse.
B
ya no utilizan la trata de personas para financiarse.
C
suelen utilizar la trata de personas para financiarse.
Question 3
La trata de personas solo afecta a mujeres y niños.
A
Para nada.
B
Es verdad.
C
No se sabe.
Question 4
Según el texto, la ONUDD analizó...  
A
cientos de miles de casos para elaborar ese informe.
B
poco más de una decena de miles de casos.
C
más de veinte mil casos para elaborar ese informe.
Question 5
Según la ONU, la trata de personas...  
A
también a afecta a personas desplazadas por los conflictos.
B
no se produce en ningún país asiático.
C
solo se produce en algunos países africanos.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que la Policía Nacional...    
A
todavía no tiene inspectores especializados en la trata.
B
trabaja lucha contra la trata.
C
no está en contacto con organizaciones no gubernamentales.
Question 7
Según el vídeo,  la Policía Nacional liberó...  
A
a más de 200 mujeres.
B
más de 2.000 mujeres.
C
a solo 200 mujeres.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 7 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
'Facilitar' es...  
A
evitar.
B
dificultar algo.
C
proporcionar algo.
Question 2
Un sinónimo de 'terror' es...  
A
duda.
B
miedo.
C
alegría.
Question 3
En la noticia, trata es...  
A
la venta de personas como esclavas.
B
una liberación.
C
un tema de estudio.
Question 4
'70%' se lee...  
A
setenta por ciento.
B
setenta para cien.
C
setenta y cien.
Question 5
'Quince por ciento' es igual que...      
A
15%.
B
15ª.
C
15º.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 5 questions to complete.

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