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INDIGNATION OF THE LEBANESE WOMEN BY A DECREE OF NATIONALIZATION FOR FOREIGNERS

Beirut / A decree granting Lebanese nationality to a group of Syrians and Palestinians persons has caused great controversy in the country, especially among Lebanese women married to foreigners, who feel discriminated against because they can not pass on their nationality to their children.

“Unfortunately, we live in a country of corrupt and sold who grant citizenship to those who do not reside in the country and do not deserve citizenship, while they are depriving our children of it, in violation of the Constitution,” Fadia, a psychologist married and divorced from an Italian men, laments to EFE.

Fadia assures she is getting the idea of the fact that her daughter, who is 10 years old, should leave Lebanon when she is 18, because the current laws only allow the citizenship to be transmitted by the father.

The psychologist recounts the vicissitudes she had to carry out in order to obtain a stay permit for her daughter, which has sometimes forced her to remain some months illegal in the country where she was born.

“Although they have not made us pay the residence permit since 2011, they sometimes find pretexts to charge us a fine that can go from 50 to 200 dollars,” she adds.

Being considered a foreigner, the girl does not have Social Security coverage and her mother had to make insurance in a private company, “which is certainly expensive”.

Still her daughter asks her why she can not be Lebanese, when she speaks Arabic, resides in the country and goes to school.

For all these reasons, Fadia has been outraged by the decree on the granting of citizenship to Syrians and Palestinians, which was secretly signed last May by the president, Michel Aoun, but was only known last week when the deputy Nadim Gemayel revealed it on his Twitter account.

There, he published the names of some 100 people among the 375 beneficiaries, most of them Syrian and Palestinian, without the authorities having published the complete list so far, which has caused widespread controversy in the country.

Gemayel, who made this statement on May 30 after a meeting at the headquarters of his party along with lawyers from other political groups, announced that the Minister of the Interior, Nuhad Machnuk, promised him that he would publish said list or give explanations in a term of two days. However, there is still official silence about it.

Some deputies announced that they will present an appeal of invalidation against the decree, whose exact content continues to be secret.

On Sunday, after the controversy arose, under pressure Aoun asked the director general of National Security, General Abbas Ibrahim, to conduct an investigation into the new nationalized persons.

“We are surprised by the confusion, the statements and contradictory actions of those responsible, above all that some speak of modification of the list of names,” said Deputy Sami Gemayel, leader of the Kataeb party.

National Security has made telephone lines available to the Lebanese to inform about nationalized persons, but no official list has been published.

On the other hand, Karima Chebbo, the coordinator of the campaign My nationality, a right for my family and for me, said after the revelation: “now that this scandal has been known, who guarantees us that other decrees of nationalization were not signed in a hidden way?”

“Our nationality is not sold nor is it subject to commitments. Men and nationalized persons have more rights than women. We won’t be with arms folded”, he said. (June 8, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (July 2015):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

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Question 1
La noticia habla...  
A
de la presentación de un proyecto de ley para que todas las mujeres extranjeras puedan obtener la nacionalidad libanesa.
B
de una reforma de la Constitución libanesa para que los extranjeros puedan obtener la nacionalidad.
C
de cómo ha reaccionado la sociedad libanesa tras conocerse que unas personas obtuvieron la nacionalidad.
Question 2
Según el texto, la noticia de que unos extranjeros obtuvieron la nacionalidad...  
A
fue muy mal recibida en la sociedad libanesa, especialmente entre las mujeres.
B
fue muy bien recibida por todos los sectores de la sociedad libanesa.
C
no ha causado ningún tipo de controversia entre la sociedad libanesa.
Question 3
Según la noticia...  
A
se supo que un grupo de sirios y palestinos obtuvieron la nacionalidad ya que el propio Gobierno lo hizo público.
B
la sociedad conoció la noticia de esta concesión de nacionalidad ya que los propios beneficiarios lo dijeron en las redes sociales.
C
el Gobierno otorgó de forma secreta la nacionalidad a un grupo de sirios y palestinos.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que las mujeres casadas con un extranjero...
A
dudan de que el Gobierno haya concedido la nacionalidad libanesa a esas personas que no residen en el país.
B
están molestas ya que consideran injusto y contrario a la Constitución lo que ha hecho el Gobierno.
C
valoran positivamente que el Gobierno esté concediendo la nacionalidad a las personas extranjeras que lo necesitan.
Question 5
Si una mujer libanesa está casada con un hombre extranjero...  
A
sus hijos tendrán la nacionalidad solo si residen en Líbano.
B
sus hijos no tienen la nacionalidad aunque estén viviendo en Líbano.
C
sus hijos tendrán la nacionalidad solo si nacen en Líbano.
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There are 5 questions to complete.

Listening

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
El vídeo habla...  
A
de unas personas que aún no saben si les concederán o no la nacionalidad estadounidense.
B
 de unas personas que  han recibido la nacionalidad estadounidense.
C
de cómo se puede obtener la nacionalidad en países como EE.UU. y Canadá.
Question 2
Según el vídeo,  esos niños...  
A
han logrado la ciudadanía gracias al esfuerzo de sus padres.
B
consiguieron la nacionalidad estadounidense sin mucho esfuerzo.
C
todavía no saben si serán considerados o no ciudadanos estadounidenses.
Question 3
En el vídeo se dice que...  
A
esas personas juraron y prometieron fidelidad a EE.UU.
B
concedieron la nacionalidad a esas personas un mes antes de que se celebrase la independencia de EE.UU.
C
esas personas no tuvieron que hacer ningún juramento cuando les concedieron la nacionalidad.
Question 4
Una de las madres valora positivamente la concesión de esta nacionalidad.  
A
No se sabe.
B
Es mentira.
C
Es verdad.
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There are 4 questions to complete.

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