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Science

INSIGHT IS ALREADY STUDYING HEART OF MARS

Pasadena / “I feel you, Mars. And soon I’ll know your heart. With this safe landing, I’m here. I’m home,” InSight tweeted with an unusual romanticizing of the latest technology. The InSight space probe was broadcasting live and in this social network its adventure through space.

“To know the heart” of Mars is the main objective of the InSight space probe, the first NASA mission in which it wants to study specifically the interior and composition of the red planet, which landed successfully on the Martian surface on Monday.

After a long wait to bite their nails and look blinking at the control room screens, the technicians and scientists from NASA’s Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena (California, USA) received, with great joy, at 11.53 local time (19.53 GMT), the signal which InSight had landed on Mars as planned.

The landing triggered samples of great satisfaction, such as collective hugs and non-stop applause, in a room in which the NASA staff, following a singular superstition, ate peanuts to better withstand the landing and to wish the best luck to InSight.

And what is fascinating is that, as you look at it, you think: Every achievement is something that has happened eight minutes before (so it takes a Mars signal to travel to Earth). So it’s exciting but you also have to take a step back and realize that what you see has already happened. It’s a unique, incredible experience”,NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine said.

In the previous days, NASA experts constantly talked about the “seven minutes of terror”, the delicate and very brief phase in which the space probe had to go through the Martian atmosphere at almost 20,000 kilometers per hour to reduce its speed sharply up to about five km/h just before landing.

InSight not only landed succefully in which involved a combined parachute and “retro-rocket” process, but almost immediately sent its first photograph from Mars, which arrived at NASA’s control room at 11.58 local time (19.58 GMT).

Faced with previous missions to the red planet, which had focused on studying its surface or its atmosphere, the great novelty and particularity of InSight is that its main purpose is to study the interior of Mars: its insides and its composition.

Scientists believe that finding out more about the interior of Mars will help to know more about its formation 4,500 million years ago as well as to expand the knowledge of the other three inner planets of the Solar System (Mercury, Venus and Earth).

To reach the “heart” of Mars, InSight has, among other instruments, a seismograph and a probe that will measure the internal activity and temperature of the planet, respectively, and the work of a mechanical excavator that will drill up to about five meters will be crucial of depth on the Martian surface. (November 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
El texto trata...  
A
de la llegada InSight a Marte.
B
de todas las misiones espaciales de InSight.
C
del reciente despegue de InSight.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...  
A
esta es la primera misión en la que se estudiará el interior de Marte.
B
esta es la primera vez que una nave de la NASA llega a Marte.
C
esta no es la primera misión en la que solo se estudiará el interior de Marte.
Question 3
¿Hubo mucha expectación por el aterrizaje de InSight?    
A
Para nada.
B
¡Imposible saberlo!
C
Así es.
Question 4
Cuando InSight aterrizó sobre Marte, el personal de la NASA...  
A
se mostró bastante preocupado por el estado del módulo espacial.
B
se mostró indiferente por el éxito alcanzado.
C
dio muestras de gran satisfacción por el éxito conseguido.
Question 5
Sobre InSight se dice que...  
A
solo obtendrá muestras para comprender cómo es la atmósfera de Marte.
B
se centrará en recabar información para saber cómo es el interior de Marte.
C
no extraerá tierra del planeta rojo ya que no está preparado para ello.
Question 6
Según el texto, los científicos...  
A
descartan que los datos obtenidos puedan servir para comprender cómo son otros planetas.
B
no creen que sea de gran utilidad la información que se obtenga de esta misión de InSight.
C
esperan que InSight recoja información la cual sirva para comprender mejor cómo es Marte.
Question 7
El aterrizaje de Insight fue todo un éxito.  
A
Claro que sí.
B
En absoluto.
C
No se sabe.
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There are 7 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
'Amartizaje' es...  
A
la aproximación de una nave espacial a Marte.
B
el aterrizaje de una nave espacial sobre la superficie de Marte.
C
el despegue de una nave espacial en Marte.
Question 2
Un 'sismógrafo' es...  
A
un aparato que mide la temperatura.
B
un aparato que registra  las sacudidas de la tierra durante un sismo.
C
la persona que estudia los sismos.
Question 3
La superficie 'marciana' es...  
A
la superficie de Marte.
B
la superficie de Mercurio.
C
la superficie de la Luna.
Question 4
Si 'parpadeas'...  
A
te tapas los ojos para no ver algo.
B
no cierras los ojos.
C
abres y cierras los ojos.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 4 questions to complete.

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