Noel Caballero // Paradisiacal beaches, extensive rice terraces and hundreds of Hindu temples are the main attractions of Bali, an Indonesian island now battling an epidemic of plastic contamination.
Indonesia, which has around 3.2 billion tons of plastic waste, has world’s second highest plastic pollution, according to a 2015 survey by the University of Georgia in the United States.
Bali has a total population of 4.5 million people and yet is among Indonesia’s most polluted regions, producing around 1,000 tons of plastic waste everyday – more than the country’s capital Jakarta, where nearly 12 million people live and which produces 750 tons per day.
The ecological disaster facing the island – which attracts 40 percent Indonesia’s annual 15 million foreign tourists – has worsened over the last few years due to indifference of politicians.
Plastic waste such as bags, bottles and food wrappers end up on roadsides, in streams and mangroves, posing a threat to health.
The plastic eventually ends up polluting the ocean, where thousands of marine animals die after consuming its residue.
Indonesia has policies and laws to tackle pollution, but they are not enforced due to corruption, Mike O’Leary, director of Bali-based NGO ROLE, told EFE.
ROLE, under the slogan of “Zero Waste To Ocean“, offers educational programs to promote environmental sustainability and organizes campaigns a to clean up some of Bali’s most affected beaches.
At the current rate, by 2050 the oceans could possibly contain more plastic waste than fish (in terms of weight), according to data released by the World Economic Forum.
The consequences of plastic contamination on the environment and the ocean will be one of the topics discussed by experts from around the globe at the fourth World Ocean Summit set to take place in Bali towards the end of this month.
An increasing number of hotels, restaurants, cafeterias and other establishments are fighting to preserve Bali, the “Island of Gods“, including a formula by Bali-based firm Avani to manufacture bioplastic bags made from cassava starch, which is as resistant as the normal ones available in shops.
According to Avani founder Kevin Kumala, bioplastic bags are so harmless that even a human being can consume it, Avani’s founder Kevin Kumala told EFE.
The youth-driven social initiative “Bye Bye Plastic Bags” has also recently convinced the Bali government to commit to a complete ban on plastic bags by 2018.
Bangkok Desk, February 7, 2017, EFE/Practica Español
Comprensión del texto C.1 (Comprehension C.1)
Las mejores playas de Indonesia.
La contaminación de las playas balinesas.
La reducción de residuos en Bali.
La contaminación está aumentando en Bali a pesar de los esfuerzos de los políticos.
Las autoridades de Bali han aprobado un plan de reciclaje en Bali.
La inacción de los políticos está relacionada con el aumento de la contaminación en Bali.
El turismo ha influido en el incremento de deshechos en Bali.
El turismo no ha afectado negativamente sobre Bali.
Los turistas están concienciando a los balineses sobre el cuidado del medioambiente.
No se sabe.
Limitar el uso de materiales biodegradables.
La utilización de materiales que se degraden por la acción biológica.
Fomentar el uso de materiales que no se degraden por la acción biológica.