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Culture

LIGHT AND COLOUR BY MARIANO FORTUNY AT PRADO MUSEUM UNTIL MARCH 2018

Mariano Fortuny was the nineteenth-century Spanish artist with greater international recognition, a renovator in his time, which for the first time, Prado Museum devotes from this week until March 2018 a monograph exhibition through 169 works, 67 of them never exposed outside their original collections and museums.

“Fortuny” is an anthology of an “exceptional and unrepeatable” character, since it goes through the various stages of the production of this Catalan creator (Reus, 1838 – Rome, 1874) in oil, watercolour, pen and artist pencil, or also as collector of antiques that later served as model, according to the curator of the exhibition Javier Barón.

Divided into nine sections, “Fortuny” starts with “The training in Rome (1858-61)”, where it was put in contact with the Renaissance and the Baroque, and it is followed by “Africa and the discovery of painting (1860 and 1862)”, destination to which the Diputación de Barcelona sent him to gather graphic information of the Spanish-Moroccan war.

The discovery of the nude spaces, the intense light and the brilliant colour of North Africa produced a radical change in his painting, which was always present in his works made of nature as those made in his studio.

“Between Spain and Italy (1863-68)” follows this vital journey of Fortuny, and then “The engravings” appear and, for the first time in an exhibition dedicated to the artist, his admiration is reflected to the classics such as Velázquez, El Greco, Ribera or Goya in “The ancient masters and the Prado (1866-68)”.

Through his relationship with the art dealer Adolphe Goupil, Fortuny achieved worldwide fame, which is reflected in “The International Triumph (1868-70)”, where you can see “The Vicarage”.

After his international triumph, Fortuny spent two years in “Granada (1870-72)”, a city of great beauty that inspired an exceptional set of paintings, and the tour continues with a selection of pieces from his collection in the “Atelier”.

The exhibition concludes with “The Last Years (1873-74)” and is completed with photographs of the artist from the archive of the Fortuny Museum.

The Prado, together with its own funds, exhibits the three pieces that, between 2012 and 2017, acquired thanks to a large extent to the legacy of 800,000 euros from the “mysterious friend” of the museum Carmen Sánchez.

The exhibition, sponsored by the AXA Foundation, includes pieces from the Fortuny Museum in Venice -29 borrowed works- and the National Art Museum of Catalonia -18 pieces-, as well as the British Museum in London; the Louvre in Paris; the Hermitage of St. Petersburg; the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the National Gallery in Washington. (November 23, 2017, EFE/Practica Español)

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Question 1
La noticia habla…
A
de una exposición dedicada a un pintor de Cataluña en Barcelona.
B
de una exposición dedicada a varios pintores españoles en el Museo del Prado.
C
de una exposición dedicada solo a un pintor español en un museo madrileño.
Question 2
Según el texto, Mariano Fortuny…
A
fue un pintor que destacó en el siglo diecinueve.
B
fue un pintor que destacó en el siglo veinte.
C
fue un pintor y escultor muy conocido en el siglo dieciocho.
Question 3
En la noticia se dice que…
A
Fortuny era muy conservador.
B
Fortuny no tenía un estilo conservador.
C
Fortuny no aportó nada nuevo a la pintura.
Question 4
En la exposición se quiere…
A
mostrar las diferentes etapas artísticas del pintor.
B
mostrar solo las obras de una determinada etapa artística del pintor.
C
mostrar solo las obras de juventud de Fortuny.
Question 5
El viaje que realizó Fortuny a África…
A
influyó significativamente en su obra.
B
es irrelevante para comprender su evolución artística.
C
apenas influyó en su creación artística.
Question 6
Las piezas que se exhiben…
A
proceden de varios museos de varios países.
B
proceden solo de museos europeos.
C
pertenecen a un solo museo.
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