By Patricia Rodriguez / A controversy generated by French President Emmanuel Macron about his opinion of Nato, Turkey and the “challenges” posed by China and Russia were the focus of the first day of the Nato leaders summit in the United Kingdom on Tuesday.
The Nato meeting was marked by uncomfortable conversations that revealed discrepancies among its members – calling into question the credibility and future of the organization that is celebrating its 70th anniversary.
This is how it played out at the meetings and debates of the politicians who participated in the “Nato Engages” event – a sideline event held in London in which Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and world leaders including Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Dutch PM Mark Rutte participated.
In his speech Stoltenberg expressed his disagreement with the French president, who last month sparked a reaction from Nato allies by saying that the Alliance was in a state of “brain death” at a strategic level.
The Nato chief said it was not the first time differences between members had emerged, adding that the Alliance had always shown strength and resilience when it came to resolving differences.
United States President Donald Trump meanwhile said Macron’s comments were “very nasty” and “insulting” towards the Alliance.
Both leaders made their different approaches to the direction of Nato clear in an appearance before the media at Winfield House, the residence of the US ambassador to the UK.
Stoltenberg said that Trump’s “leadership” on defense spending was “having a real impact.”
“Since 2016, Canada and European allies have added 130 billion more to their defense budgets,” the Nato leader said.
Tensions between Turkey and the Alliance was another topic that resurfaced on Tuesday’s agenda.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan recently warned that he would reject Allied defense plans of the Baltic countries – Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia – and Poland in the case of a possible Russian threat if the organization did not recognize Ankara’s enemies as terrorists (an allusion to the Kurds).
The atmosphere of the summit was tense with some members critical of the Turkish offensive in northeastern Syria as well as Ankara’s purchase of the Russian S-400 anti-missile system.
The Norwegian politician said Nato had plans to protect the Baltic nations and other Allies, besides troops on the ground.
He added that deploying military forces sent a clear message (to Russia).
Stoltenberg also said it was incorrect to affirm that the US would be leaving Nato.
Another of the “challenges” the Alliance faces is China, which poses security implications for the Allies, according to the Nato chief.
The Canadian PM and his Dutch counterpart also reflected on the Alliance’s future, participating in one of the other debates running in parallel to the summit.
Trudeau predicted a bright future for the Alliance, despite the absence of a common denominator in its approach.
He expressed a preference for the evolution of the organizations, as well as the need to adapt to new challenges.
Among the current challenges for the Alliance, for Rutte, were Russia, China and how to deal with new technologies, cyberspace and terrorism.
Both leaders highlighted the threat posed by Russia over its alleged interference in the world.
Rutte stressed the need to keep pressure on Russia while maintaining room for dialog at the same time.
The “Stop The War” coalition meanwhile organized a protest march from Trafalgar Square to Buckingham Palace, where Queen Elizabeth II was hosting a reception for Nato leaders. (December 3, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)
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Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)
de forma detallada de una polémica desatada por unas declaraciones de Emmanuel Macron.
del lugar donde se celebra la cumbre de la Alianza Atlántica.
de lo que ocurrió en el inicio de la cumbre de la Alianza Atlántica.
tanto Macron como Trump opinan lo mismo sobre la OTAN.
hubo controversia por lo que dijo el presidente francés sobre la OTAN.
Macron criticó a Trump por lo que dijo sobre la OTAN.
niega que haya cosas que mejorar en la OTAN desde un punto de vista estratégico.
desmiente que la OTAN esté "muerta" desde un punto de vista estratégico.
considera que la OTAN no se encuentra muy bien desde un punto de vista estratégico.
Stoltenberg preguntó si la OTAN podría desplegar efectivos para defender los países bálticos.
Stoltenberg dio la razón a Macron sobre el estado de la OTAN.
Stoltenberg no comparte la opinión de Macron sobre el estado de la OTAN.
no aceptará los planes de la OTAN si esta no reconoce a sus enemigos como terroristas.
aceptará algunos de los planes de defensa de la OTAN.
niega que vaya a rechazar algún plan de la OTAN si esta no reconoce a sus enemigos como terroristas.
Macron realizó esa declaración en una rueda de prensa ofrecida en la víspera de la cumbre.
ningún líder político criticó a Macron por lo que dijo sobre la OTAN.
esta cumbre se celebra cuando se cumple el septuagésimo aniversario de la OTAN.