Geneva (Switzerland), Jun 19 (EFE).- Almost 71 million people, the largest number ever quantified in the United Nations’ refugee agency’s history and twice as many as just two decades ago, were forcibly uprooted from their homes last year due to wars, violence and persecution, the agency said Wednesday.
The UNHCR said the number – 70.8 million refugees – represented a hike of 2.3 million over those displaced the previous year, was greater than the entire population of Thailand and it warned that the global refugee figure was in fact probably even larger than its estimates suggested.
“Yet again, wars, violence and persecution have driven record numbers of people from their homes,” the agency, which is now 70 years old, said, pointing out that the trend was worldwide.
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi said the increased global figure “gives further confirmation of a longer-term rising trend in the number of people around the world needing safety from war, conflict and persecution.”
Most of the world’s refugees came from five countries, with Myanmar the fourth highest country of origin with 1.1 million people.
UNHCR said in its annual report that the figure was due to “the massive flow of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar to Bangladesh at the end of 2017.”
The country had seen escalating violence in recent years and an alleged genocide of Myanmar’s Rohingya minority population.
The majority of refugees from the south-east Asian country fled to neighboring Bangladesh, with Malaysia, Thailand and India also hosting a significant number.
“Most refugees from Myanmar were hosted by Bangladesh (906,600),” the report said. “Other countries with sizable populations of refugees from Myanmar were Malaysia (114,200), Thailand (97,600) and India (18,800).”
Pakistan hosted the second largest mass of displaced people at 1.4 million, with the majority fleeing armed conflict in Afghanistan.
“Refugees from Afghanistan were the second largest group by country of origin, in what has remained a significant population since the 1980s,” UNHCR said.
“At the end of 2018, there were 2.7 million Afghan refugees, mainly in Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran, who between them hosted 88 percent.”
The report estimated that 13.6 million people, equivalent to the population of Tokyo, became newly displaced during the year due to wars or persecution.
UNHCR warned that the global refugee figure is “probably on the low side” due to the ongoing crisis in Venezuela, which had seen 3.4 million people leave the country by the end of 2018.
“The crisis in Venezuela, in particular, is still only partly reflected in the total,” the report said. “In all, some four million Venezuelans have left their country, making this one of the world’s biggest current displacement crises.”
Grandi described the language used around refugees and migrants as “often divisive” but noted that there had also been an “outpouring of generosity and solidarity,” especially by communities hosting large numbers.
“We are also seeing unprecedented engagement by new actors including development actors, private businesses, and individuals, which not only reflects but also delivers the spirit of the Global Compact on Refugees,” he added.
He urged people around the world to “redouble our solidarity with the many thousands of innocent people who are forced to flee their homes each day.”
More than two-thirds of the world’s refugees come from five countries: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia.
There were 6.7 million from Syria, an increase over the 6.3 million from a year earlier, who were hosted by 127 countries on six continents.
Refugees from Afghanistan were the second largest group by country of origin, with 2.7 million.
South Sudan was the third most common country of origin with 2.3 million forcibly displaced people. (June 19, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)
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se mantiene el número de personas desplazadas en todo el mundo.
por vez primera se ha reducido el número de personas desplazadas en el mundo.
ha vuelto a aumentar el número de personas desplazadas en el mundo.
el conflicto y la violencia no son las causas principales de estos desplazamientos.
en las últimas dos décadas se ha duplicado el número de desplazados.
la crisis en Venezuela apenas ha influido en este fenómeno.
se desmiente que la mitad de los refugiados sean menores de edad.
cientos de miles de venezolanos solicitaron la condición de refugiado.
el número de refugiados se ha reducido en más de 2 millones.
Naciones Unidas realiza este informe cada 2 años.
en 2016 había más de 65,6 millones de desplazados.
el Día del refugiado se celebra el 30 de junio.
lo haces por la fuerza.
lo haces de forma voluntaria.
lo haces porque quieres.
permanecer en un lugar.
dejar un lugar.
volver a un lugar.
afirmar que algo es verdad.
decir que algo que se dijo no es cierto.