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World

Philippines: 8.400 cases and 136 deaths because of measles

Manila / The measles outbreak in the Philippines continues its escalate with 8,443 confirmed cases since the beginning of the year and 136 deaths because of this disease, most of them are children under the age of five, according to the latest data from the Department of Health.

83% of the victims are children who hadn’t been vaccinated, as the Philippines has suffered a sharp decline in the immunization rate, partly caused by the Dengvaxia scandal, a vaccine against dengue that was applied in schools between 2016 and 2017 and that is linked to the death of several children.

Its manufacturer, the French pharmaceutical Sanofi Pasteur, had to admit in 2017 that it had adverse effects and that vaccinated people who developed dengue for the first time would suffer much more severe symptoms.

The situation is especially serious in the metropolitan area of Manila, a densely populated capital with 13 million inhabitants – around a third in illegal settlements – where measles infections increased by 1,000% compared to the same period last year.

With the intention of containing the outbreak in April, health authorities launched a mass immunization campaign last week in Manila, where about 130,000 children have already been vaccinated out of the estimated 450,000 who need it.

In all the country, it’s estimated that some 2.6 million children are not properly immunized by the loss of confidence in vaccines, so the campaign will also be taken to other provinces.

“Little by little, the faith in vaccines is returning, the only response to the outbreak is immunization,” Health Secretary Francisco Duque told the media on Monday.

The authorities have also launched a strong information campaign to restore public trust in vaccines, which has the support of well-known figures such as the popular senator and boxer Manny Paquiao.

Last Friday, the president of the country, Rodrigo Duterte, urged in a televised message to all Philippine families to quickly vaccinate their children in the nearest health centre to prevent the spread of this highly contagious disease which is transmitted by the air. (February 19, 2019, EFE/ Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
El texto habla de...  
A
unas vacunas que acaban de ser retiradas.
B
un brote de sarampión que hay en Filipinas.
C
una campaña de vacunación en varios países asiáticos.
Question 2
Según el texto, ese brote de sarampión...    
A
está bajo control.
B
todavía no se ha controlado.
C
comenzó esta semana.
Question 3
Según las autoridades filipinas, hay...  
A
cada vez menos casos de sarampión.
B
solo unas pocas centenas de personas con sarampión.
C
varios miles de personas con sarampión.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que...  
A
todavía no ha muerto nadie.
B
han muerto personas por el sarampión.
C
ningún niño filipino tiene el sarampión.
Question 5
Para hacer frente a este brote...  
A
la población prefiere no vacunarse.
B
no es necesario que la  gente se vacune.
C
se está vacunando a la población.
Question 6
Según el texto, los padres...
A
no sabían que hubo un escándalo relacionado con una vacuna.
B
no quisieron vacunar a sus hijos por un escándalo.
C
no desconfiaron de las vacunas por un escándalo que hubo.
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There are 6 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Un 'descenso' es...  
A
una subida.
B
una bajada.
C
un incremento.
Question 2
'Vincular' es...
A
evitar.
B
reducir.
C
asociar.
Question 3
'Acarrear' es...  
A
impedir algo.
B
mantener.
C
ocasionar algo.
Question 4
Si algo tiene 'efectos adversos' tiene...
A
efectos contrarios.
B
efectos que no son opuestos.
C
efectos muy positivos.
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There are 4 questions to complete.

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