Olga Tokarczuk and Peter Handke have been awarded the 2018 and 2019 Nobel prizes for literature. Read this information to know more about it.
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Culture

Polish and Austrian writers receive Nobel prize for literature

Copenhagen / A Polish author and an Austrian writer have been awarded the 2018 and 2019 Nobel prizes for literature.

Polish author Olga Tokarczuk received the 2018 accolade and Austrian author Peter Handke was the winner of this year’s prize, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced on Thursday.

Tokarczuk was a Nobel favourite and has been honoured “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life,” the academy said in a statement.

Handke has been in the pools of the award for a few years.

The academy said he received this year’s prize “for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience”.

They will each receive nine million Swedish kronor ($912,000).

Tokarczuk was born 1962 in Sulechów in Poland and now lives in Wroclaw.

After studying psychology at the University of Warsaw she made her debut as a fiction writer with Podróz ludzi Ksiegi (Journey of the Book-People) in 1993.

She became the 15th woman to have won a Nobel in literature, compared to 114 men, including Handke.

Handke was born in 1942 in the village of Griffen, in the Kärnten region in southern Austria.

From 1961 he studied law at the University of Graz but broke off his studies a few years later when his debut novel Die Hornissen was published in 1966.

Two Nobel medals were awarded this year after the accolade was suspended last year in the midst of a sexual abuse scandal.

The Swedish Academy has renewed its members, reformed its statutes and selection procedures and included external figures in the committee that selects the winner.

A preliminary list of up to 200 candidates was published in February this year, followed by a selection of eight finalists a few months later from which the winners were selected.

The Nobel prize for literature followed the categories of medicine, physics and chemistry, which were released successively on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.

On Friday, the peace prize will be announced, followed by economy on Monday.

The awards will be delivered on 10 December, the anniversary of the death of the founder Alfred Nobel, in a ceremony in Stockholm. (October 10, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

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Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla... (Mainly, it's said in the text that...)
A
de todos los aspirantes a ganar el Premio Nobel de Literatura este año.
B
de por qué el año pasado ni se anunció al ganador del Premio Nobel de Literatura ni se entregó dicho galardón.
C
de quiénes han sido galardonados con el Premio Nobel de Literatura de los años 2018 y 2019.
Question 2
Sobre Handke se dice que... (About Handke, it's said that...)
A
apenas ha escrito libros en lengua alemana.
B
se desmiente que sea un escritor influyente en Europa.
C
el jurado le distingue por su talento y habilidad de lenguaje para hablar sobre la experiencia humana.
Question 3
Según el texto, Handke... (According to the text, Handke...)
A
no ha publicado aún ninguna obra en la que se haga referencia de algún modo a la Comunidad de Madrid.
B
no solo plasmó sus experiencias en España sino también hizo mención de escritores españoles en sus obras.
C
describió algunos paisajes de la geografía española a pesar de no haber visitado el país.
Question 4
Sobre Tokarczuk se dice que... (About Tokarczuk, it's said that...)
A
ya fue mundialmente conocida cuando publicó su primera novela.
B
muchos pensaban que ella sería reconocida por el jurado de la Academia Sueca este año.
C
el jurado destaca que apenas hay elementos de fantasía en sus novelas.
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A
Solo es correcta 'austriaco'.
B
Tanto 'austriaco' como 'austríaco' son correctas.
C
Solo es correcta 'austríaco'.
Question 2
En el texto, 'aparecer en las quinielas' hace referencia... (In the text, 'aparecer en las quinielas' refers to...)
A
a los pronósticos que hace la gente sobre quién puede ganar.
B
a algo que resulta completamente imposible para un grupo de personas.
C
a los pronósticos de los resultados de un partido de fútbol.
Question 3
Una 'postura proserbia' significa que... (A 'postura proserbia' means...)
A
está a favor de Serbia.
B
está en contra de Serbia.
C
no está ni a favor ni en contra de Serbia.
Question 4
Elige la opción correcta. (Choose the correct option)
A
Le premiaron por ha ver escrito esas obras.
B
Le premiaron por a ver escrito esas obras.
C
Le premiaron por haber escrito esas obras.
Question 5
La locución 'a raíz de' significa... (The expression 'a raíz de' means...)
A
'por completo'.
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'de forma recurrente'.
C
'a causa de' o 'como consecuencia de'.
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