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Culture

Rafael Sanchez Ferlosio dies at 91 in Madrid

Madrid / The novelist, essayist, linguist and Cervantes Prize 2004, Rafael Sanchez Ferlosio, author of “El Jarama” and “Alfanhui” has died this Monday in Madrid at 91 in a hospital center in the capital of Spain.

Sanchez Ferlosio, who was born in Rome on December 4, 1927, second of the three sons of the Falangist Rafael Sanchez Mazas and the Italian Lucia Ferlosio, also developed an intense journalistic career and was a collaborator in media as “ABC” or “El País” and in magazines “Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos “and” Revista de Occidente”.

PhD in Philosophy and Literature, he came into contact at the university with writers such as Jesus Fernandez Santos or Carmen Martin Gaite -with whom he married in 1954- and together they formed the Generation of 50.

Winner of the most important prizes of literature in Spanish, such as Cervantes Prize (2004), the National of Spanish Literature (2009) or the National Essay (1994), was the second of the three children of the writer and journalist Rafael Sanchez Mazas (1894-1966), ideologist of the Falange, and of the Italian Lucia Ferlosio.

Born on December 4, 1927 in Rome (Italy), where his father was an ABC correspondent, he studied architecture, but left them for semiotics and PhD in Philosophy and Letters at the Complutense University of Madrid.

In the university he came into contact with writers such as Jesus Fernandez Santos or Carmen Martin Gaite -with whom he married in 1954- and together they would form the Generation of 50.

Literary production

At the end of the 1940s, he began his literary work by publishing story tales in magazines and published his first work, “Industrias y andanzas de Alfanhui” in 1951, followed by “El Jarama”, a realistic-style novel to which they have dedicated numerous scientific and linguistic studies as a literary milestone.

It was “El Jarama”, which he said years later that he “detested”, his consecration as a writer, for which he won the Nadal Prize in 1955 and the Critics Award in 1956.

Precisely, within its trajectory three stages are distinguished, according to the own writer: one for his interest for the literary prose, that is well reflected in “Industries and Anances of Alfanhuí”; one for the narrative exploration, which gave rise to “El Jarama” another one for immersion in the study of grammar, to which he has dedicated the last years.

Between its later work they appear “Alfanhui y otros cuentos” (1961), “Dientes, pólvora, febrero” (1961), “El corazón caliente” (1961), “La semana del jardín” (1974), “El huésped de las nieves” (1983), “El testimonio de Yarfoz” (1986) o “La homilía del ratón” (1986).

In 1993 he published “Vendrán más años malos y nos harán más ciegos”, the following year, “Esas Yndias equivocadas y malditas, “El alma y la vergüenza” in 2000, and “El geco. Cuentos y fragmentos” and “Un escrito sobre la guerra” in 2005.

Centered in the essay for years, other published books are “Sobre la guerra” (2007), “God and gun. Apuntes de polemología”(2008) or “Guapo y sus isótopos”(2009).

He also developed an intense journalistic career and was a contributor to such media as the Spanish newspapers ABC and El País and the journals Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos and Revista de Occidente.

‘Campos de Marte’ and other essays

The winner of the 1983 Prize for Journalism Award is the author of essays such as “‘Campos de Marte” (1986), in addition to the collection of articles “La homilía del ratón”, “El ejército nacional” and “Ensayos y artículos”.

In 2015, he published “Campo de retamas”, the compilation of his notes and aphorisms, which he called “wrecks”, a book that gathers aphorisms, opinions on power, cinema, sports, the market or language.

The 2017 Caballero Bonald International Essay Prize for his book “Babel contra Babel”, also had several “honoris causa” doctorates, such as those of the La Sapienza University in Rome (1992) and Autonoma de Madrid (2002).

Sanchez Ferlosio confesses that he stopped interesting his narrative work; However, he continued with an essay work, the famous “Ferlosian hypothesis”, which includes reflections on war, progress, patriotism and, above all, language.

He was married 17 years with Martin Gaite (1925-2000), between 1953 and 1970, with whom he had two children, also deceased: Miguel, who died as a baby, in 1954, and Marta (1956-1985). (April 1st, 2019, EFE/ Practica Español)

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Question 1
It's said in the text that... (En el texto se dice que...)  
A
un escritor acaba de ser ingresado en un centro hospitalario.
B
un reconocido escritor ha fallecido en la capital de España.
C
un escritor se encuentra muy enfermo.
Question 2
According to the text, Sánchez Ferlosio... (Según el texto, Sánchez Ferlosio...)    
A
estuvo a punto de ser investido doctor 'honoris causa'.
B
obtuvo diversos galardones a lo largo de su vida.
C
ganó el Premio Cervantes hace más de 2 décadas.
Question 3
It's said in the text... (En el texto se dice que...)  
A
Sánchez Ferlosio estuvo colaborando con unos medios de comunicación.
B
se desconoce si el padre de Sánchez Ferlosio fue también periodista.
C
se desmiente que Sánchez Ferlosio colaborara con algún medio de comunicación.
Question 4
It's said about 'El Jarama' that... (Sobre  'El Jarama' se dice que...)    
A
es una de las obras menos conocidas de Sánchez Ferlosio.
B
fue el libro que más le gustaba a Sánchez Ferlosio.
C
fue una obra que ha sido muy estudiada.
Question 5
It's said in the text that... (En el texto se dice que...)  
A
el propio Sánchez Ferlosio desmintió que estuviera interesado por el lenguaje.
B
Sánchez Ferlosio tiene escritos en los que reflexiona sobre el lenguaje.
C
Sánchez Ferlosio tenía más interés por la narrativa que por el ensayo.
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