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Culture

ROME EXPLORES ITS REMOTE ROYAL ORIGINS

Rome / A twin brothers being suckled by a she-wolf, fratricides or legendary kings… The origins of Rome are impregnated with myth but, now, an archaeological sample explores them to try to shed light on the dawn of a city that became an empire.

The exhibition, in the Capitoline Museums until January 27, 2019, is entitled “The Rome of the Kings: The story of archaeology” and it includes about 840 objects recovered in the excavations of the city, many never shown to the public.

The Culture Superintendent, Claudio Parisi Presicce, indicated in a press conference the aim is to understand “the formation and affirmation” of Rome in the Lazio region, imposing itself on other peoples such as the Etruscans, but also on the Mediterranean.

Articulated in 8 sections with an “enormous amount of objects”, the exhibition “allows us to reconstruct a picture of the society between the 10th century and the 5th century BC”, in the most archaic phase of the city.

Founding of Rome

Tradition states that Rome was founded in 753 BC, specifically on April 21, by Romulus, who became its first king after murdering his brother Remus, orphans both who survived the abandonment being suckled by a she-wolf in the river Tiber.

The organizers of the exhibition explain that little is known yet of the centuries prior to the emergence of this important city, as well as of its first form of government, a monarchy through which seven kings succeeded each other until 509 BC, the beginning of the Republic.

This is due to the fact that the origins of Rome are often “confined by myths”, due to a greater interest in its imperial age and “the difficulty of finding” remains of the phases prior to its foundation, they argue.

For this reason, a special attention is directed to the previous period of the city’s birth, from the year 1000 a.C, with information on its burial rites or commercial exchanges.

Urns show that when the city emerged, the most widespread practice was incineration, although burial in niches or sarcophagi was soon assumed with a series of rites to fulfill the “duty” to bury the dead.

It’s also known that in those times the inhabitants of the fertile lands of Lazio already traded with the Mycenaean peoples and also with the Hellenic colonies on the Tyrrhenian coast, especially luxury goods and precious ceramics.

The royal period of Rome, which ended with Lucius Tarquinius Superbus in 509 BC, is illustrated with a didactic model showing that Rome was just a small village on the left bank of the Tiber, between the Palatine hill and the Aventino hill.

Archaeological discoveries

Thanks to the findings in the sacred area of Sant’Omobono, in the Forum Boario, sculptures of gods and heroes in terracotta and lastras of the same material are preserved with processions and fantastic animals that decorated the buildings, at that time austere and made of wood.

They emphasize a vessel with handle of Greek origin (askos) and that served to contain small amounts of liquid like wine or oil, dated around 630 BC, as well as a decorated bronze fibula (800-730 BC) that served to hold the clothes and layers.

The exhibition closes with a representation of the archaic luxury objects and funerary ornaments of the necropolis of the Esquiline, in the vicinity of the current railway station of Termini, and that has lost much of its heritage with the passage of time.

The use of these pieces is unknown but “they make us understand how much has been lost and how many objects are still without historical connotations”, explained Parisi Presicce, because some remains were not classified in the past with a correct methodology.

However, the show has some pieces located recently, in sites explored last year, which gives a breath of hope as the soil of Rome “continues to return” material that can help understand their past and that of their kings.  (August 5,  2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
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Question 1
Principalmente, la noticia trata...  
A
de una exposición sobre la fundación de Roma.
B
de una muestra que explica cómo era el Imperio romano.
C
de unas excavaciones que se están realizando para encontrar vestigios de la fundación de una ciudad.
Question 2
La exposición está centrada...      
A
en la época de los primeros emperadores de Roma.
B
en la época en la que hubo monarcas en la Antigua Roma.
C
en la época del declive del Imperio Romano.
Question 3
Según el texto...  
A
esta muestra solo se podrá visitar hasta finales de este año.
B
esta muestra se podrá visitar hasta finales de enero del año que viene.
C
esta muestra podrá ser vista hasta finales de otoño.
Question 4
Todas las piezas expuestas ya han sido expuestas en otra ocasión.  
A
En absoluto.
B
Así es.
C
¡Imposible saberlo!
Question 5
Según Presicce, ¿cuál es el objetivo de esta exhibición?    
A
Demostrar que el mito de la fundación de Roma es verídico.
B
Tener una mayor comprensión sobre el porqué Roma no logró ser superior a otros pueblos como los etruscos.
C
Tener una mayor comprensión sobre cómo se formó Roma y cómo logró ser superior a otros pueblos.
Question 6
Según el mito se dice que...  
A
una loba fue criada por los hermanos Rómulo y Remo.
B
un animal salvaje dio de mamar a Rómulo y Remo.
C
Rómulo y Remo lograron sobrevivir porque mataron a una loba.
Question 7
Según el texto, Roma...  
A
fue fundada en el siglo VIII a.C. 
B
fue fundada en el siglo IX a.C.
C
fue fundada en el siglo VII a.C.
Question 8
La época regia de Roma duró más de un milenio.  
A
Así es.
B
No se sabe.
C
Para nada.
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There are 8 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Una persona comete un 'fatricidio' cuando...  
A
quita la vida a su propio padre.
B
impide que una persona sea asesinada.
C
mata a su propio hermano.
Question 2
Un sinónimo de 'urbe' es...  
A
'ciudad'.
B
'campestre'.
C
'ubre'.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que unas colonias eran 'helénicas'...  
A
porque fueron fundadas por los primeros reyes de Roma.
B
porque fueron fundadas por un rey llamado 'Heleno'.
C
porque eran de los griegos.
Question 4
Los pueblos antiguos utilizaban una 'fíbula'...  
A
para destruir las murallas de una ciudad enemiga.
B
para sujetar una prenda de vestir.
C
para protegerse en un combate cuerpo a cuerpo.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 4 questions to complete.

Review grammar notes: irregular verbs, indirect questions


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