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Culture

“RUSSIAN DADA 1924-1914”, THE MOCK AGAINST THE ART, ARRIVES TO THE MUSEO REINA SOFIA

Madrid / “Laughter is the only guarantee of the seriousness with which we practiced anti-art…”. These words by the painter and film-maker Hans Richter could define the great exhibition that, until October 22, hosts the Museo Reina Sofia on the Russian avant-garde and Dada, “Russian Dada 1914-1924”.

With abundant unpublished material, the exhibition brings together 500 works, including 250 paintings, collages and drawings, plus 73 photographs, 150 documents and publications and 22 films and audios, with which the Russian avant-garde art is reviewed from the perspective of the Dada movement, founded in Zurich in 1916, at Cabaret Voltaire.

“The practices which were done in Russia in the years 10, 20 and 30 had a great impact on modern art, but there has been a vision of this art so far with only one face, that of Constructivism and as its name indicates with the creation of new forms; but this movement went hand in hand with the Dada”, the director of the Museo Reina Sofía, Manuel Borja-Villel, told EFE.

“And the two movements emerged at the end of the First World War and the two Russian wars and the two arise as a reaction to everything that had happened before – Villel continues – but Constructivism, the substitution of art with forms, would not be understood without the nihilistic side of the art of that moment; where the important thing was the text, the negation, the irony, the absurdity, the anti-warism or the tension between the text and the image, that the artists that were around Dada used, “he says.

The exhibition reveals the important relationship that existed between Moscow, Zurich, Berlin, Paris or New York, which means “the internalization of all artists”.

“It is necessary to emphasize that the culture of the moment was developed in a time of dominion by the communist party and Dada supposed the presence of the anarchism”, precise Borja-Villel

All the works exhibited in the exhibition belong to the splendor of this movement, between the First World War and the death of Lenin in 1924, with the presence of 90 Russian artists and other European countries, including Malévich, Natan Altman, Ivan Kluin, Ivan Puni, Aleksandr Ródchenko, Olga Rozanova, Man Ray, Tristan Tzara, Ilia Zdanévich, Vladimir Mayakovski or Frnacis Picabía.

The exhibition, curated by Margarita Tupitsyn, comes from numerous private collectors and museums in Russia and Europe. Like the Stedelij Museum in Amsterdam, the Pompidou Center in Paris; the Mayakovski in Moscow, the State of Fine Arts in Pushkin or the Treyakov Gallery, among many others.

The exhibition, which has had the collaboration of the Community of Madrid, brings together a multimedia material, including drawings, printed material, film, musical works and poetry materials in a political context of the First World War, the two Russian revolutions and the change of leadership from Lenin to Stalin.

The Dada, which means “Yes, yes”, was a contradictory movement because it was in the constant “NO-NO” and they detested the author’s idea of romantic authorship, propagating “the Todism”, adds Borja-Villel. (June 6, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

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Question 1
La noticia habla...  
A
de un estudio realizado sobre un movimiento artístico.
B
de una exposición sobre un movimiento artístico en Rusia.
C
de una exposición sobre el arte ruso de principios del siglo diecinueve.
Question 2
Esta muestra se encuentra en un museo madrileño.  
A
Para nada.
B
¡Imposible saberlo!
C
Así es.
Question 3
Sobre la exposición se dice que...
A
se exhiben solo obras de un mismo autor.
B
se exhiben piezas de un mismo formato.
C
se exhiben cientos de piezas de diferentes clases.
Question 4
El movimiento dadá surgió...  
A
en una época en la que no hubo ningún conflicto en Europa.
B
justo cuando terminó una gran guerra en Europa.
C
en una época en la que varios países europeos estaban en guerra.
Question 5
Sobre el movimiento dadá, en el vídeo se dice que...  
A
los artistas dadaístas nunca tuvieron la intención de romper con los cánones de la estética tradicional.
B
los artistas dadaístas querían romper con los valores tradicionales de la estética.
C
los artistas dadaístas siempre evitaron crear obras sin sentido.
Question 6
El dadá no influyó en ningún otro movimiento artístico.  
A
Es mentira.
B
No se sabe.
C
Es verdad.
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There are 6 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

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Question 1
Relacionas el  término 'nihilismo'...  
A
con un movimiento que niega que haya una pérdida de valores.
B
con un movimiento que niega todo principio.
C
con la defensa de la existencia de una verdad absoluta.
Question 2
Se dice que algo es 'absurdo' cuando...    
A
es lógico.
B
es original.
C
no tiene sentido.
Question 3
Relacionas el 'antibelicismo' con...  
A
alguien que está en contra de la guerra.
B
alguien no está ni a favor ni en contra de la guerra.
C
alguien que está a favor de la guerra.
Question 4
Si 'detestas' algo...  
A
tienes interés en saber más sobre ello.
B
no te gusta o no soportas una cosa.
C
te gusta mucho eso.
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