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World

Rwanda marks 25th anniversary of brutal genocide

Kigali / Rwanda on Sunday commemorated a genocide that killed some 800,000 people 25 years ago and that will see the East African country mourn for 100 days, the duration of the mass slaughter in 1994.

Most of those killed in the bloodshed where minority Tutsis, slain by ethnic Hutus.

Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame and guests of honor lit a flame during the ceremony in the capital Kigali, as documented by an epa-efe photographer.

“On a day like this, when language fails, the first words that come, are words of gratitude. To you, the friends by our side on this heavy day, including the different leaders present, we say thank you,” Kagame said during the ceremony.

“Our bodies and minds bear amputations and scars, but none of us is alone. Together, we have woven the tattered threads of our unity into a new tapestry,” he added.

Kagame said that Rwandan culture “naturally creates new bonds of solidarity, which both console and renew. Rwanda is a family. That is why we still exist, despite all we have gone through.”

Meanwhile, the genocide survivors’ association, Ibuka, told EFE over 80,000 bodies buried in mass graves during the 100-days long Rwandan Genocide had been exhumed.

The remains of those victims were set to be moved on May 4 to the Nyanza Genocide Memorial, located in the southeastern part of the Rwandan capital Kigali, for a dignified burial.

Theogene Kabagambire, coordinator of Ibuka in the Gasabo district, said that the mass graves had been unearthed in the districts of Rusororo and Masaka in April last year.

Kabagambire added that 30,923 corpses had been dug out last year in Kabuga town in Rusororo and gave no further details on the total number of mass graves uncovered in this area.

Another 50,158 bodies had been exhumed out of 128 mass graves in neighboring Masaka, according to Ibuka representative Innocent Gasinzigwa.

Gasinzigwa said that several corpses were also found in the house of a former governor of Kanombe town.

Kabagambire regretted that Rwandan residents remained silent for 24 years even though they were aware of the mass graves.

In pre-colonial Rwanda, Tutsis ruled whilst Hutus were slaves, and in a country with deep ethnic divides, Hutus lived with the fear of a return to that subservient past.

During the 1960s and 70s French and Belgian colonials favored the Hutus leading many Tutsis into exile to neighboring countries.

Current President Paul Kagame’s Rwanda Patriotic (RPF) rebel group orchestrated a failed attack on then-President Juvenal Habyarimana’s regime in 1990.

Between 1992 and 1994 the country witnessed relative peace and during this period peace talks between the genocide regime and the RPF rebels were going on in Arusha in northeastern Tanzania which resulted in the signing of the 1993 Arusha Peace Accord.

But on Apr. 6, 1994 terror struck the country after news of the assassination of Hutu Habyarimana, one the longest-serving presidents in history from 1973 to 1994.

The genocide was triggered after a plane carrying Habyarimana and his Burundian counterpart, Cyprien Ntaryamira, was shot down near Kigali.

In just 100 days, some 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus were slaughtered at the hands of Hutu extremists in the former Belgian colony. (April 7th, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video:


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

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Question 1
Mainly, the text talks about... (Principalmente, el texto habla de...)
A
las conferencias que se darán sobre el genocidio ocurrido en Ruanda.
B
un acto conmemorativo para recordar a las víctimas de un genocidio en Ruanda.
C
las declaraciones de unos supervivientes de un genocidio ocurrido en Ruanda.
Question 2
About that genocide, it's said... (Sobre ese genocidio se dice que...)
A
la población de Ruanda todavía sigue muy dividida por lo ocurrido.
B
ocurrió hace tres décadas.
C
cientos miles de personas murieron a causa de este.
Question 3
In the text, it's said... (En el texto se dice que...)
A
la gran mayoría de los ruandeses no vivió lo que ocurrió hace 25 años.
B
se desmiente que los jóvenes ruandeses conozcan lo ocurrido hace 25 años.
C
se pidió al pueblo ruandés que olvide lo que ocurrió en Ruanda.
Question 4
About this commemorative act it's said... (Sobre ese acto conmemorativo se dice que...)
A
asistieron mandatarios de países extranjeros.
B
Michel pidió ayuda para parar esa tragedia.
C
ningún mandatario se sorprendió por la reconstrucción de Ruanda.
Question 5
It's said in the video that... (En el vídeo se dice que...)
A
Mutiribambe se disculpó por lo ocurrido durante el genocidio.
B
todavía no se ha construido un monumento conmemorativo.
C
nadie pidió perdón por lo ocurrido en el genocidio.
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There are 5 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
The determined article for 'homenaje' is: (El artículo determinado para 'homenaje' es:)
A
la
B
lo
C
el
Question 2
"60%" is readen... ("60%" se lee...)
A
sesenta para ciento.
B
sesenta por ciento.
C
sesenta por cien.
Question 3
In the context of the text, if you 'tomas la palabra'... (En el contexto del texto, si 'tomas la palabra'...)
A
hablas.
B
cumples una promesa.
C
dejas de hablar.
Question 4
The opposite of 'fracaso' is ... (Lo contrario de 'fracaso' es...)
A
éxito.
B
derrota.
C
desastre.
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There are 4 questions to complete.

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