Puede usar las teclas derecha/izquierda para votar el artículo.Votación:1 estrella2 estrellas3 estrellas4 estrellas5 estrellas (3 votos, promedio: 5.00 sobre 5)
LoadingLoading...

Health

SIX OUT OF EVERY HUNDRED SPANIARDS WILL SUFFER FROM A RARE DISEASE

Madrid / Six out of every hundred Spaniards will suffer from a rare disease throughout their lives, according to the Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN), which, on the occasion of the World Day of Rare Diseases on February 28, recalls that there are three million people in Spain affected by any of these pathologies.

Currently, there are more than 7,000 rare diseases in the world, a number that increases every week in five and between 27 and 36 million people are affected directly in the European Union.

Rare diseases are so named because these are suffered by less than 5 people per 10,000 inhabitants and, for the most part, they are chronic, produce high morbidity and premature mortality, and cause a high degree of disability and dependency.

As explained doctor and spokesperson of the Study Group of Neurogenetics and Rare Diseases of the SEN, Jordi Gascón in a note, 75% of those affected have some degree of dependency and more than 80% a physical and / or emotional disability.

In addition, 20% people suffer from chronic pain and almost 50% need help for their daily lives.

In 50% of the cases, rare diseases appear in the pediatric age, given the high frequency of these pathologies of genetic origin and congenital anomalies that are included within the denomination ‘rare disease’, 80%.

The remaining 20% ​​has its origin in environmental factors, infectious agents or causes still unknown.

However, the prevalence is higher in adults than in children, due to the excessive mortality of some serious childhood diseases.

Thus, they are responsible for 35% of deaths before the year of life, 10% between 1 and 5 years and 12% between 5 and 15 years.

According to SEN data, the most frequent rare diseases are those that affect the nervous system (45%). And more than 50% of them have neurological manifestations.

It remembers, also, that one of the main difficulties faced by people affected by a rare disease is to get a correct diagnosis in a timely manner, so Gascón insists on the need to create reference centers for treatment of these pathologies, implement specific training programs for health professionals and promote research.

In Spain, a person affected by a rare disease takes an average of about five years to obtain a diagnosis. (February 28, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (February 12, 2015):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
La noticia habla…
A
de unas enfermedades que tiene la mayoría de la gente.
B
de la cura de unas enfermedades raras.
C
de las personas que padecen y padecerán una enfermedad rara.
Question 2
Según el texto, se llama ‘enfermedad rara’…
A
a una enfermedad que no tiene cura y que la padece la mitad de la población.
B
a aquella que la padecen frecuentemente las personas.
C
a aquella que la padecen muy pocas personas.
Question 3
Según el SEN…
A
un 20% de los españoles padecerá una enfermedad rara.
B
un 6% de los españoles padecerá alguna enfermedad rara.
C
un 60% de los españoles padecerá alguna enfermedad rara.
Question 4
En la noticia se dice que en la UE se han registrado…
A
millones de casos de personas que padecen una enfermedad rara.
B
solo unos pocos miles de casos de personas que padecen una enfermedad rara.
C
solo unas decenas de casos de personas que padecen una enfermedad rara.
Question 5
La mayoría de estas enfermedades tienen un origen genético.
A
Nadie lo sabe.
B
Es verdad.
C
Es mentira.
Question 6
La mayoría de las enfermedades raras se curan rápidamente.
A
¡Imposible saberlo!
B
Así es.
C
Para nada.
Question 7
En el texto se dice que…
A
el diagnóstico de una enfermedad rara no es rápido.
B
ya se puede diagnosticar una enfermedad rara con rapidez.
C
el diagnóstico de una enfermedad rara suele tardar unos pocos meses.
Question 8
Las enfermedades raras…
A
no suelen causar discapacidad a la persona.
B
suelen causar algún tipo de discapacidad a la persona.
C
no afectan a niños pequeños.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 8 questions to complete.

Listening

Ve el vídeo y responde las preguntas. (Watch and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Ve el vídeo y responde las preguntas. (Watch and answer the questions).

You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.

Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%


Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
En el vídeo se habla…
A
del descubrimiento para la cura de una enfermedad rara.
B
del diagnóstico de las enfermedades raras.
C
de la imposibilidad de diagnosticar una enfermedad rara.
Question 2
Según el médico del vídeo…
A
no es complicado diagnosticar rápidamente una enfermedad rara.
B
la mayoría de los diagnósticos llegan tarde.
C
siempre se ha diagnosticado una enfermedad rara con rapidez.
Question 3
En el vídeo se habla…
A
de una vacuna para prevenir enfermedades raras.
B
de un tratamiento para las enfermedades raras.
C
de una prueba que ayuda a diagnosticar enfermedades raras.
Question 4
Según el vídeo, esa prueba es muy costosa.
A
Es mentira.
B
Es verdad.
C
Nadie lo sabe.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 4 questions to complete.

Noticias al azar