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Spain: Pedro Sanchez wins general elections

The leader of Spanish socialism, Pedro Sanchez, great winner of the general elections in Spain, with 123 seats, celebrated the victory with his militants saying that he will reach out “to all the groups to govern within the Constitution.”

 

 
The elections had a participation higher than 75,7 percent, one of the highest in recent years and PSOE was imposed in all the autonomous communities, except in Catalonia, the Basque Country and Navarra, and it has won in historical fiefs of the PP like Castilla y Leon, Murcia or Madrid.

PP, until this elections the majority party, obtained the worse result of its history for losing 71 deputies and remaining in 66 seats, while C’s (Ciudadanos) got a remarkable growth for obtaining 57 seats, 25 more than in 2016 and to situate itself to 9 seats of PP.

And Vox, party to the right of PP, will sit for the first time in Parliament with 24 seats.

Parties with which it can form a govern in mayoriry

PSOE may form a majority to govern with the left and nationalist formations; or with Citizens, although C’s leader Albert Rivera, assumed that PSOE will govern with Podemos and the nationalists.

Rivera promised to make an opposition which will watch “very closely” the hypothetical Government of Sanchez and Iglesias “so that they don’t crush families and the middle classes” and “don’t make occurrences.”

The formation of Pablo Iglesias has lost support, which together with his Catalan confluence adds 42 deputies, who could be worth Pedro Sanchez to try to form a majority to govern.

Nationalist parties

Of course, PSOE would also need the six seats of the PNV, as well as other minority, and would be subject to the vote of ERC – Catalan independence party – in the investiture, which with its 15 deputies may have the key to the election of the president, if he supports it or even if he abstains in a second round.

The Basque nationalists have risen one seat and get six deputies; Canary Coalition also goes up, from one to two; but Compromís loses three deputies, staying with only one representative in the lower house, which could also support Sanchez.

Junts per Catalunya has obtained seven representatives in the Congress, while EH-Bildu doubles its seats from two to four, and the Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) obtains a position in the Congress.

The results in percentages

The percentages obtained by the main parties are 28.69 percent for the Socialists, compared to 16.69 percent for PP, 15.85 percent for Ciudadanos, 14.31 percent for the Unidas Podemos and 10, 26 percent which has taken Vox to Congress.

For its part, Ciudadanos has consolidated its rise in Andalusia, Madrid and Aragon, where it has managed to place itself in second position after the Socialists; and Vox has obtained seats in eleven of the 17 autonomous communities.

The socialist triumph in the general elections has also turned the Senate, where the absolute majority of which PP had, it has gone to the PSOE, which has 140 seats among the 122 senators won in the elections and the 18 regional designation has in the chamber.

(April 28, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read news and answer these questions)

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Question 1
En el texto se habla de... (In the text, it's talked about...)  
A
los resultados de las elecciones municipales en España.
B
los resultados de las últimas elecciones generales en España.
C
un sondeo sobre el partido que podría ganar las elecciones.
Question 2
Según el texto, el partido que obtuvo más escaños fue...  (According to the text, the party that got more seats was...)  
A
PP.
B
C's.
C
PSOE.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)  
A
PSOE obtuvo más de un 20% de los votos.
B
PSOE ganó en todas las comunidades autónomas.
C
el PP apenas ha perdido escaños en estas elecciones.
Question 4
Según el texto... (According to the text...)  
A
Vox logra representación parlamentaria.
B
el partido de Rivera obtuvo el mismo número de escaños que el PP.
C
el partido de Pablo Iglesias obtuvo más escaños que el PSOE.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
ERC pierde escaños en estas elecciones.
B
el PSOE necesitará pactar para seguir gobernando.
C
el PSOE logró mayoría absoluta en estos comicios.
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Vocabulary

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Question 1
'Comicios' son... ('Comicios' are...)  
A
unas elecciones.
B
unos escaños.
C
unos sondeos.
Question 2
El artículo determinado para 'formación' es: (The determined article for 'formación' is:)
A
el
B
lo
C
la
Question 3
Algo que es 'hipotético' es... (Something that is 'hipotético' is...)
A
imposible.
B
real.
C
posible.
Question 4
'Machacar' hace referencia a... ('Machacar' refers to...)
A
ayudar a alguien.
B
hacer mucho daño a alguien.
C
proteger a alguien.
Question 5
Un sinónimo de 'triunfo' es... (A synonym of 'triunfo' is ...)
A
victoria.
B
derrota.
C
empate.
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