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Morphology

Spanish prefix "in-"

“In-” is a negative prefix that we use to say the opposite meaning of a word (inofensivo) or to express the lack of an action (incomprensión).

Variations

Prefix “in-” eliminates letter “n” and leaves letter “i” before “-L” and “-R”

Examples:

ilegal

ilógico

irreal

irrompible

 

Prefix in- changes to im- before  b or p

Examples:

imborrable

imbatible

impredecible

imposible

 

We use it with adjectives to create adjectives with opposite meaning:

incapaz

inofensivo

independiente

incompatible

incomparable…

 

Also, we use it with verbs:

incumplir

incomunicar

inhabilitar

inutilizar

 

Prefix in- can appear with derivate words from Latin without creating the opposite of the original word:

impecable

intacto

inédito

impune

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