Given the impossibility of access to the Rukban Syrian camp, on the border between Syria and Jordan, doctors diagnose patients at mercy of the elements in the border, supervised by the Jordanian Army, who allows or not entry to treat them and return them immediately to the camp.
Khadijah al-Khaled’s 12-days-old baby has been three times in the medical center that UN agencis set up on December 15, adjacent to the Syrian Rukban camp in the area known as Berma, Syrian-Jordanian border, where it is estimated that 70,000 people are living.
“I came for the first time to give birth and now I’m back because my son has something. It looks like a cold”, says Khadija, 18, from Palmira, who accuses the precarious situation of the camp, after the cold winter and without regular health care for two years.
She is one of the patients who this week expected to be treated in the area of services that the UN agencies managed to stabilize recently with this informal field, where they have attended more than a thousand people since then, says the spokeswoman of the Agency of The UN for Refugees (UNHCR), Helene Daubelcour.
“Before, we treated them in mobile caravans,” explains Dr. Aya Abadi, who works for the Association of Retired Military Personnel in Jordan, one of the few local agencies that coordinates with international agencies to assist in this area controlled by Jordanian soldiers.
Most of the patients are women and children, Dr. Abadi explains, but they also treat war wounded as well as those affected by the terrorist attacks of the Islamic State (EI), which has attacked the camp.
The latest attack was in January and it left 11 dead, two of them minors, and seven wounded who were transferred to hospitals in Jordan after receiving a first aid in the center where Abadi works.
After being taken care they are immediately returned to the camp, in a “no man’s land” between the two countries, because they have no possibility of starting admission as asylum seekers in Jordan, even if they step on their territory for assistance.
Rukban’s informal camp has been growing steadily for two years and Syrian people that are living there have little access to humanitarian aid, which international organizations distribute intermittently for logistical and security reasons.
A Syrian is in charge of coordination between the Jordanian Army, which monitors any movement in this area considered a “closed military zone“, and the displaced people who are approaching the meeting point for medical treatment.
Delimited by large blocks of stone and wire spikes, dozens of people wait in a desert enclave to be questioned by the Jordanian authorities and, if they accept their admission, to be transferred to the service area five kilometers in the ambulances of the Jordanian Army.
According to the military spokesman Ashraf Mohamed, the professionals are the ones who decide for medical reasons who is transferred to the sanitary enclosure.
In early March, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) opened the mobile maternity unit, equipped with caesarean delivery and comprehensive emergency obstetric care.
Since last November, 147 children have been examined and 19 have been treated for acute malnutrition.
Dr. Abadi says that some 22 people out of the 70,000 who live in the countryside are transferred to the medical services area, and organizations warn that it is impossible to know the internal health situation and that they fear that it may lead to epidemics, such as has been denounced by Amnesty International (AI).
“The low number of transfers from Berma to Ruwaished (in northeastern Jordan) and other areas reflects the difficulty of obtaining permits for referrals that are in unnecessary delays, which threaten life”, said the latest UNHCR report in March.
The body draws attention to the situation of pregnant women and babies, “such as Khadijah, who escaped from the Syrian village of Palmyra and now lives in this location where it is impossible to afford the basic necessities to live.
UNHCR plans a vaccination in the coming months, which will require another logistical challenge to bring the children to the only access point to Jordan, where clinics are established, after which they will return to an inaccessible displaced camp.
Rukban (Syrian-Jordanian border), March 17, 2017, EFE/Practica Español
Grammar notes: review differences between ‘de’ and ‘desde’
News related (March 15,2017)
Comprensión del vídeo B.2 (Listening B.2)
Unas personas que viven en la frontera entre Siria y Jordania.
Un grupo de refugiados que han recibido asilo en Jordania.
Unas personas que desean regresar a Siria.
Esas personas están recibiendo todos los días mucha ayuda humanitaria.
Actualmente la calidad de vida de esas personas es buena.
Esas personas no tienen los recursos suficientes para vivir bien.
No se sabe.
No se sabe.
Unos bloques han sido colocados para delimitar la zona en la que se encuentran esos desplazados.
Existe una frontera natural que separe Siria de Jordania.
Unos bloques de piedra van a ser colocados en Siria.