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Culture Nivel B1

The anniversaries that we commemorate on 23 April, day of the Spanish Language and also of the English Language

Madrid / On Friday 23 April 2021 is World Book and Copyright Day; Spanish Language Day; English Language Day; Aragon Day and Castilla y León Day in Spain. On 23 April, 1616, the remains of Miguel de Cervantes were buried in the church of the Trinitarias, in Madrid.

1348.- King Edward III of England creates the Most Noble Order of the Garter.

1516.- Proclamation of the Purity Law for Bavarian beer by Duke William IV of Bavaria.

1521.- The troops of Charles I defeat the forces led by Juan de Padilla in Villalar (Valladolid).

1563.- Laying of the first stone of the Monastery of El Escorial, in Madrid.

1616.- The mortal remains of Miguel de Cervantes are buried in the church of the Trinitarians, in Madrid.

1798.- Last execution in the Plaza Mayor in Madrid. Maria Vicente de Mendieta and her lover, Santiago San Juan, murderers of the former’s husband, die on the gallows.

1848.- The French vote for the first time in accordance with the universal suffrage established in the country.

1917.- Construction of the Madrid Metro begins.

1919.- The French National Assembly approves the eight-hour working day.

1920.- The Turkish Grand National Assembly was inaugurated in Ankara, proclaiming the dismissal of Sultan Mehmet VI.

1925.- First edition of “Don Quixote” in braille system.

1926.- The Plus Ultra gold medal is awarded to Ramón y Cajal by royal decree.

1951.- General strike in Vizcaya and Guipúzcoa: 2,000 detainees.

1968.- South Africa is excluded from the Olympic Games in Mexico for its policy of “apartheid”.

1969.- Anagrama begins publishing books. Until then, it was a project born two years before.

1976.- The Miguel de Cervantes Prize for Literature in the Spanish Language is awarded for the first time, which goes to the writer Jorge Guillén.

1982.- Launched the ZX Spectrum, one of the most popular computers of the 80s.

1986 .- Wave of 23 suicides of young people in Japan after the suicide of 18-year-old pop singer Yukito Okada.

1990.- Namibia is officially admitted as a member of the UN.

1995.- The mezzo-soprano Teresa Berganza enters the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, which makes her the first woman to be part of this institution.

.- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declares World Book and Copyright Day.

1996.- The Spanish novelist and Nobel Prize winner for Literature Camilo José Cela receives the Cervantes Prize from King Juan Carlos I.

2003.- Yaser Arafat and Abu Mazen sign a historic agreement for the creation of a Palestinian Government.

2005.- The first video is published on YouTube.

2010.- Greece requests the activation of the credit aid mechanism of the EU and the IMF.

2018.- A massive accident in Toronto (Canada) causes at least 10 deaths and 15 injuries.

2019.- The “yes” wins the referendum for the reform of the Egyptian Constitution, endorsing the extension of the mandate of the president, Abedelfatah al Sisi.

 

BIRTHS

——————–

1858.- Max Planck, German physicist, author of the bases of Quantum Theory and Nobel Prize in Physics 1918.

1896.- Jose Andreu Laserre, Charlie Rivel, Spanish comedian.

1897.- Lester Pearson, Canadian politician, 1957 Nobel Peace Prize winner.

1899.- Vladimir Nabokov, Russian writer.

1902.- Halldor Kilian Laxnes, Icelandic novelist, 1955 Nobel Prize Winner for Literature.

1923.- Manuel Mejía Vallejo, Colombian writer, Nadal Prize 1963.

1926.- Gerardo Rueda Salaberry, Spanish painter and sculptor.

1928.- Shirley Temple, film actress and American ambassador.

1936.- Roy Orbison, American singer.

1943.- Carmen Cervera, Spanish collector and philanthropist, Baroness Thysen Bosnemisza.

1954.- Michael Moore, American writer and filmmaker.

1969.- Martín López Zubero, Spanish-American swimmer.

1976.- Pasión Vega, Spanish singer.

1996.- Alejandro Márquez, Álex Márquez, Spanish motorcycling pilot.

2018.- Luis de Cambridge, third son of the Dukes of Cambridge, Guillermo and Catalina; fifth in line to the British throne.

DEFUNCTIONS
——————–

1616.- William Shakespeare, English playwright (according to the Julian calendar, which means that he actually died on May 3 of that same year).

.- Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Hispanic-Peruvian writer and historian.

1868.- Ramón María Narváez, Spanish military and politician.

1967.- Edgar Neville, Spanish writer.

1981.- Josep Plá, Spanish writer.

1986.- Otto Preminger, American filmmaker.

1990.- Paulette Goddard, American actress.

1998.- Constantinos Caramanlis, Greek politician.

2002.- Naranjito de Triana, Spanish singer.

2005.- Sir John Mills, British actor.

2007.- Boris Yeltsin, Russian politician.

2013.- Mullah Omar, leader of the Taliban of Afghanistan.

2016.- Miguel Picazo, Spanish filmmaker.

.- Papa Wemba, Congolese singer.

2019.- Juan de Nassau-Weilburg and Borbón-Parma, Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

 

(April 22, 2021, EFE / PracticaEspañol)

(Revised Automatic translation)

News related in video (April 2011):


Comprensión

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas

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Question 1
El texto habla de...
A
todos los acontecimientos que han ocurrido el 23 de abril de este año.
B
las efemérides que se celebran el 23 de abril.
C
los acontecimientos que se esperan que ocurran el próximo 23 de abril.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...
A
este año la UNESCO va a declarar el 23 de abril como el Día Mundial del Libro.
B
a principios de este siglo la UNESCO declaró el 23 de abril como el Día Mundial del Libro.
C
el 23 de abril se celebra el Día Mundial del Libro.
Question 3
Según el texto...
A
tanto escritores como artistas nacieron un 23 de abril.
B
ningún Premio Nobel nació un 23 de abril.
C
tanto Shakespeare como el Inca Garcilaso de la Vega nacieron el 23 de abril.
Question 4
¿Qué ocurrió el 23 de abril de 1925?
A
Se editó "El Quijote" en braille.
B
Se creó la Nobilísima Orden de la Jarretera.
C
Comenzó la contrucción del Monasterio de El Escorial.
Question 5
Leyendo el texto entendemos que...
A
todos los hechos históricos relevantes ocurrieron durante la Edad Media.
B
no ocurrió ningún hecho histórico relevante un 23 de abril.
C
también ocurrió un hecho histórico relevante el 23 de abril de 2003.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que...
A
la celebración del Día del Libro está relacionada con la figura de Miguel de Cervantes.
B
Shakespeare nació el mismo día en que murió Miguel de Cervantes.
C
Cervantes también nació el 23 de abril de 1616.
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Vocabulario

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Question 1
El artículo determinado para "día" es...
A
lo
B
la
C
el
Question 2
Un sinónimo de "defunción" es...
A
nacimiento.
B
fallecimiento.
C
herido.
Question 3
"Feneció" es lo mismo que...
A
vivió.
B
murió.
C
nació.
Question 4
El término "congoleño" hace referencia a...
A
un tipo de baile.
B
algo o alguien que es de Costa de Marfil.
C
algo o alguien que es del Congo.
Question 5
¿Qué se celebra en una "efeméride"?
A
El aniversario de un hecho relevante.
B
Nada en especial.
C
El aniversario de un hecho que no es muy relevante.
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