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Economy

The cessation of activity due to the COVID-19 pandemic destroys almost 950,000 jobs in Spain

Madrid / Social Security lost 947,896 members since the COVID-19 crisis began and until the end of April, leaving the total number of contributors at 18.39 million, while unemployment has grown in these last two months in more of 585,000 people and exceeded 3.8 million unemployed.

As detailed on Tuesday by the Ministry of Social Security, this behavior reflects “a certain stabilization of employment” during April, since from 12 to 31 March 898,822 jobs were lost, while in April only 49,074 were destroyed at closing of month.

These affiliation figures at the end of the month better reflect what happened than the monthly average -which is usually provided- and which leaves the decrease in affiliation for April at 548,093 employed compared to March. The average decrease in March was 243,469 members.

On the other hand, registered unemployment in the public employment services (SEPE) experienced a strong increase in April with 282,891 unemployed, reaching 3.83 million people, a level that was not seen since May 2016. In March, the rise in unemployment was 302,265 new applicants.

Membership in Social Security drops

Back in the occupation, and in the middle of April, all the Social Security regimes marked decreases in affiliation, among which the general regime stands out with 505,458 fewer employed, and only employment in the special agrarian system increased with 10,561 affiliates plus.

By sector, in the general regime, only employment in health and social services activities increased, with 23,228 more members, while the largest falls were recorded in construction (89,864 fewer members), hospitality (76,902) and artistic activities and entertainment (20,702).

The autonomous regime lost 41,250 members and the sea regime 1,371, while the coal regime registered 1,226 less.

ERTE

The Ministry has also highlighted that of the total affiliates as of April 30, 3,386,785 were protected by a situation of total or partial suspension by Temporary Employment Regulation Files (ERTE).

This is 24.25% of the affiliates in the general regime, of which 3,074,462 were in a situation of ERTE due to force majeure.

The sectors with the most affiliates in an ERTE are food and beverage services (726,137), retail trade (448,243), wholesale trade (210,959) and accommodation services (206,379).

The communities where there are the most employed in this situation are Catalonia (678,684), Madrid (566,307), Andalusia (477,392) and the Valencian Community (349,634).

The services sector, the most affected by the COVID-19 crisis

In unemployment, and in absolute terms, the health crisis of COVID-19 affects, above all, the service sector, where unemployment increases by 219,128 people.

In the industry it increases by 26,832, in construction it increases by 25,055 people, in agriculture by 4,015 and in the group Without Previous Employment it increases by 7,861 people.

Registered unemployment increases more among men and among young people under 25 years of age. (May 5, 2020, EFE / PracticaEspañol)

(Automatic translation)

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Comprensión

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Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
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Question 1
La noticia habla...
A
del origen de la pandemia del COVID-19.
B
del aumento del desempleo en España.
C
de unas medidas que ha anunciado el Ministerio de Seguridad Social en España.
Question 2
Leyendo el texto entendemos que...
A
el número de personas desempleadas aumentó desde el inicio de la crisis del COVID-19.
B
la pandemia del COVID-19 no ha afectado de forma negativa ni a la economía ni al empleo.
C
cada vez hay más afiliados a la Seguridad Social desde que comenzó la crisis del COVID-19.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que...
A
el ministerio desmiente que haya ERTE en el servicios servicios.
B
del 12 al 31 de marzo se destruyeron más de ochocientos mil empleos.
C
se ha incrementado el número de autónomos afiliados a la Seguridad Social.
Question 4
Según el texto...
A
ha subido el empleo en el sector relacionado con la sanidad y la salud.
B
la crisis del COVID-19 ha afectado por igual a todos los sectores.
C
los menores de 25 años son los menos afectados por la crisis del COVID-19.
Question 5
En el vídeo se ve que...
A
ningún establecimiento está cerrado.
B
no hay nadie caminando por la calle.
C
hay sanitarios con mascarillas para protegerse del COVID-19.
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Vocabulario

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You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.

Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%


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Question 1
La escritura correcta de "302.265" es...
A
"trescientos dos mil doscientos sesenta y cinco".
B
"trescientos y dos mil doscientos sesenta cinco".
C
"trescientos dos mil y doscientos sesenta y cinco".
Question 2
La escritura correcta de "7.861" es...
A
"siete y mil ochocientos sesenta y uno".
B
"siete mil ochocientos sesenta y uno".
C
"siete y miles ochocientos sesenta uno".
Question 3
La expresión "ya que" significa...
A
"de ningún modo".
B
"puesto que".
C
"quizá".
Question 4
En el texto, 'paro' es...
A
'ocupación'.
B
'desempleo'.
C
'contratación'.
Question 5
'Incrementar' es...
A
'bajar'.
B
'seguir igual'.
C
'aumentar'.
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